The Hidden Democracy

  • Lise Kjølsrød
Part of the Leisure Studies in a Global Era book series (LSGE)


Players’ communities are not subcultures, it is better to think of them as social worlds. The modern versions of these social worlds resemble what the political philosopher Hannah Arendt called polis. Citizens who practice their freedoms in complex leisure do not join to gain influence in certain matters, they enter for the sake of being able to do what they do. In addition to what they achieve for themselves in terms of gratification, identity, and belonging, they grow a surprising crop of autodidact skills and knowledge; contribute to the natural environment, social institutions, and cultural heritage; and they construct analytical models with personal and political implications. This is what justifies the notion of a ‘hidden democracy’.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Lise Kjølsrød
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Human GeographyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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