The Global Climate System
This chapter provides a basic overview of the global climate system. Global climate emerges from the complex interaction over multiple time scales of atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial subsystems. These interactions produce characteristic patterns of oceanic and atmospheric circulation, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation, described in this chapter. Both internal variability and external forcings drive short-term variations and longer-term changes in climate, and these properties can render local climates hard to predict with precision.
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