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The Holocene

  • John L. Brooke
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides a general overview of climatic patterns and trends during the Holocene. Global climate during the Holocene responded to orbital, solar, and volcanic forcings, as well as internal variability. Global climate shifts influenced atmospheric circulation patterns, such as the migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which in turn influenced local weather patterns. From a climate perspective, the Holocene can be roughly divided into three periods: an early period of maximum Northern Hemisphere summer insolation; a middle period of weakening summer monsoons in the Northern Hemisphere; and a late period marked by periodic cooling, strengthening El Niños, and more restricted seasonal migration of the ITCZ.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Brooke
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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