Analysis and Interpretation: Modeling of Past Climates
Computer climate models have become an essential tool to analyze past and future climate change. Since these models comprise rather complicated pieces of computer code, the interpretation of their results requires care and a basic familiarity with their structure, underlying assumptions, and the implications of their results. This need becomes even more pressing when comparing paleoclimate simulations with proxy reconstructions, because they capture different spatial and temporal scales of climate variations. This chapter introduces important topics of consideration for the interested community of paleoclimatologists and historical climatologists who may not work regularly with climate models.