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Simple Dipolar Fluids as Generic Models for Soft Matter

  • J.-J. WeisEmail author
  • D. Levesque
Chapter
  • 2.6k Downloads
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 185)

Abstract

The physical properties, based on simulation results, of model fluids and solids bearing an electric or magnetic point dipole moment are described. Comparison is made with experimental data on ferrofluids and electro- or magneto-rheological fluids. The qualitative agreement between experiment and simulation shows the interest of these simple models for the comprehension of physical systems where the dipolar interaction dominates.

Dipolar fluids Computer simulations Ewald sums Electrorheology 

Abbreviations

CMM

cell multipole method

DHS

dipolar hard spheres

DSS

dipolar soft spheres

ER

electrorheological

FFT

fast Fourier transform

FMM

fast multipole method

GB

Gay--Berne

HS

hard spheres

LC

liquid crystal

LEBC

Lees-Edwards boundary conditions

LJ

Lennard-Jones

MC

Monte Carlo

MD

molecular dynamics

MMM

M body method

MR

magnetorheological

PME

particle-mesh Ewald

P3M

particle-particle particle-mesh

Q2D

quasi two-dimensional

SPME

smooth particle-mesh Ewald

TEM

transmission electron microscopy

b.c.

boundary conditions

l-g

liquid-gas

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique ThéoriqueUniversité Paris-SudOrsay CedexFrance

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