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Molecular Wires

  • Dustin K. JamesEmail author
  • James M. Tour
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 257)

Abstract

Molecular wires are compounds that are proposed to be used in molecular electronic and optoelectronic devices to replace the metal and silicon-based wires in semiconductor devices. We review the field, including organic molecular wires such as oligo(2,5-thiophene ethynylene)s, oligo(1,4-phenylene ethynylene)s, oligo(1,4-phenylene vinylene)s, aromatic ladder oligomers, oligophenylenes, polyphenylenes, acetylene oligomers, carbon nanotubes, and organometallic molecular wires. We briefly review the measurement of conduction in molecular wires and conclude that fully conjugated organic aromatic molecular wires are the best candidates for introduction into new electronic devices as replacements for the Al or Cu wiring presently used in logic and memory devices.

Molecular wires Molecular electronics Optoelectronic Conductance Self-assembly Calculation 

Abbreviations

cAFM

conducting atomic force microscopy

CNTFETs

carbon nanotube field effect transistors

CV

cyclic voltammetry

DMSO

dimethylsulfoxide

NDR

negative differential resistance

OLED

organic light emitting diodes

OTEs

oligo(2-5-thiophene ethynylene)s

OPEs

oligo(1,4-phenylene ethynylene)s

OPVs

oligo(1,4-phenylene vinylene)s

SAM

self-assembled monolayer

STM

scanning tunneling microscopy

SWE

single wavelength ellipsometry

SWNT

single-walled nanotube

Terpy

terpyridine

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentRice UniversityHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Chemistry Dept. and Center for Nanoscale Science and TechnologyRice UniversityHoustonUSA

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