• Wicher BergsmaEmail author
  • Marcel Croon
  • Jacques A. Hagenaars
Part of the Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (SSBS)


The starting point for the marginal modeling of categorical data is a multidimensional table representing the joint probability distribution of two or more categorical variables. Over the last decades, many techniques have been developed to analyze the relationships in such a table, excellent overviews of which have been provided by Agresti at several levels of difficulty (Agresti, 1990, 1996, 2002). Very often, however, researchers are not interested in the analysis of the complete joint distribution but in a marginal analysis, i.e., in the comparison of two or more marginal tables that may be formed from the original complete table by collapsing cells. In the first section of this chapter, the concept ofmarginalmodeling of categorical data will be further explained, partly and briefly in contrast to alternative approaches that deal with more or less related research problems (as already mentioned in the Preface). Thereafter, some historical background will be provided, identifying previous statistical work on testing marginal homogeneity, and some statistical approaches that can be seen as forms of marginal modeling but are usually not explicitly identified as such. In the final section of this chapter, several descriptive statistics are introduced that are used in the remainder of this book to describe and test particular differences between marginal distributions.


Marginal Distribution Generalize Estimate Equation Weight Little Square Marginal Modeling Central Tendency Measure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wicher Bergsma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcel Croon
    • 2
  • Jacques A. Hagenaars
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of StatisticsLondon School of EconomicsLondonUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Department of MethodologyTilburg University Fac. of Social & Behavioural SciencesTilburgThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations