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Evidence for non-standard mixing on the red giant branch

  • Corinne Charbonnel
Contributed Papers
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 458)

Abstract

Based on the new grid of standard stellar models computed at solar metallicity by the Geneva group (Schaller et al. 1992) with the recent OPAL opacity tables (Rogers & Iglesias 1992), we follow the theoretical evolution of the 12C/13C ratio along the red giant branch of low and intermediate mass stars. We compare the evolutionary predictions with observations of the surface isotopic ratios in evolved stars of galactic clusters. This leads us to conclude that the theoretical and observational first dredgeup perfectly agree, but that in low mass stars (M. ≤ 2M) an extra-mixing occurs later on the giant branch which produces an additional decrease of the surface 12C/13C ratio. We show that this extra-mixing is only efficient when the hydrogen-burning shell reaches the chemical discontinuity created by the convective envelope at its maximum extent. We speculate on the nature of the extra-mixing process.

Keywords

Main Sequence Stellar Mass Convective Envelope Lithium Abundance Solar Metallicity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corinne Charbonnel
    • 1
  1. 1.Geneva ObservatorySauvernySwitzerland

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