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Determination of coalescence stability of emulsions by analytical ultracentrifugation under separation of dispersed phase

  • K. Strenge
  • A. Seifert
Conference paper
Part of the Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science book series (PROGCOLLOID, volume 86)

Abstract

A centrifugal method for determining the coalescence stability of emulsions by analytical ultracentrifugation under separation of dispersed phase is described. The non-kinetically oriented method involves demulsification up to constant heights (final values) of all the layers. It can be performed in various variants including stepwise centrifugation that provides several final values during one run. On this basis, coalescence pressures are calculated as a measure of coalescence stability. The results obtained are in agreement with the expected behavior of the emulsions. In the case of SDS stabilized n-decane-in-water emulsions without electrolyte four layers are obtained that exist only during centrifugation under a sufficient centrifugal force, but not under gravity. A proof is given of a pressure barrier at the transition of the non-transparent to the transparent emulsion. The possible influence of the particle size on the coalescence pressures is discussed.

Key words

Emulsions coalescence stability demulsification analytical ultracentrifugation pressure barrier 

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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Strenge
    • 1
  • A. Seifert
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Institute of Physical ChemistryBerlin-AdlershofFRG
  2. 2.Zentralinstitut für Ernährung AG LebensmittelchemieBergholz-RehbrückeFRG

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