Thin polymeric layers for spatial light modulators

  • R. Gerhard-Multhaupt
Conference paper
Part of the Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science book series (PROGCOLLOID, volume 85)


The use of thin polymeric control layers in spatial light modulators for optical applications is surveyed. Three major groups of light modulators with polymers as electro-optic components are introduced. Light control by diffraction is the principle of deformable light modulators, whose main varieties are membrane light modulators, thermoplast films, and elastomer layers; considerable research and development efforts, mainly during the last two decades, led to a wide range of proposed devices and a good understanding of their properties. The more recently invented polymer-dispersed liquid crystals operate with scattering as light-control mechanism; even though these materials are already found in practical applications, their investigation and development is far from complete. Finally, polymer films with electro-optic effects that are caused by molecules or molecular groups with large second- or third-order dielectric susceptibilities are briefly discussed; in such materials, light control is achieved by polarisation-dependent refraction or briefringence.

Key words

Spatial light modulator polymer membrane thermoplast elastomer polymer-dispersed liquid crystal electro-optic layer 


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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Gerhard-Multhaupt
    • 1
  1. 1.Heinrich-Hertz-Institut für NachrichtentechnikBerlin 10FRG

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