Advertisement

High-internal-phase-volume emulsions in water/nonionic surfactant/hydrocarbon systems

  • C. Solans
  • N. Azermar
  • J. L. Parra
Amphiphile Solutions
Part of the Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science book series (PROGCOLLOID, volume 76)

Abstract

Emulsions with gel properties which form at the water-rich region of ternary water/nonionic surfactant/hydrocarbon systems have been studied. The investigations of gel emulsions with a constant water content of 99 % by weight showed that they are high-internal-phase-volume W/O emulsions (the water being the disperse phase), and that their formation is closely related to the HLB temperature of the corresponding system. The stability of these gel emulsions is highly dependent on temperature, hydrocarbon/surfactant ratio and the presence of additives.

Key words

Gel emulsion HLB temperature nonionic surfactant viscoelasticity influence of addition 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Krog NJ, Riisom TH, Larsson K (1985) In: Becher P (ed) Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology. Vol 2, Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 321–365Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tanaka T, Sun S, Nishio I (1981) NATO Adanced Study Institute Series, Series B Physics. Vol 73, Plenum Press, N 4Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Solans C, Comelles F, Azemar N, Sánchez Leal J, Parra JL (1986) J Com Esp Deterg 17:109–122Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ali AA, Mulley BA (1978) J Pharm Pharmac 30:205–213Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sagitani H, Hattori T, Nabeta K, Nagai M (1983) Nippon Kagaku Kaishi 10:1399–1404Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sagitani H, Hirai Y, Nabeta K, Nagai M (1986) J Jpn Oil Chem Soc 35:102–107Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Laing ME, McBain JW (1920) J Chem Soc 11:1506Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Courtney DL (1972) Am Cosmet Perfum 87:31Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ekwall P (1975) In: Brown EG (ed) Advances in Liquid Crystals. Vol 1, Academic Press, New York, p 1Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Barry BW (1975) Adv Colloid INterface Sci 5:37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shinoda K, Saito H (1968) J Colloid Interface Sci 26:70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kunieda H, Shinoda K (1985) J Colloid Interface Sci 107:107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Solans C, García-Domínguez JJ, Parra JLO, Heuser J, Friberg SE (1987) submitted to Colloid Polymer Sci 5Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kunieda H, Solans C, Shida N, Parra JL (1987) Colloids Surfaces 24:225–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Solans
    • 3
    • 2
  • N. Azermar
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. L. Parra
    • 3
    • 2
  1. 1.Asociación de Investigación de Detergentes (A.I.D.)Spain
  2. 2.Jorge Girona SalgadoBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica y Textil (C.S.I.C.)BarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations