Advertisement

CuInSe2 and related materials for thin film solar cells

  • Hans Werner Schock
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Solid State Physics book series (ASSP, volume 34)

Abstract

CuInSe2 and related compound proved to be very efficient materials for thin film solar cells. Efficiencies exceeding 16% have been achieved in several laboratories. The material system Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 provides the possibilities for the optimization in view of photovoltaic application regarding energy gap and electronic properties as well as fabrication of structures with graded gap. Basic properties of the material which have to be taken into account for film deposition and the photovoltaic properties of heterojunction are presented. An overview about the different developments in this field and the status of solar cell efficiencies and prospects of future developments will be given.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. [1]
    J.L. Shay, S. Wagner, H.M. Kasper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 27(2)(1975)89CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    L.S. Palatnik, and E.J. Rogacheva, Soviet Phys. Dokl. 12, (1967) 503ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    T.I. Koneshova, A.A. Babitsyna, and V.T. Talinnikov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, (1982) 1483Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    J.C.W. Folmer and H. Franzen, Phys. Rev. B. 29, (1984), 6261CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    J. Parkes, R.D. Tomlinson and M.J. Hampshire, J. Cryst. Growth, 20, (1973), 315CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    K.J. Bachmann, H. Goslowski, S. Fiechter, J. Cryst. Gowth 89, (1988) 160CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    D. Schmid, M. Ruckh, F. Grunwald and H.W. Schock, J. Appl. Phys. 73 (6), (1993), 2902.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    J. Stankiewicz, W. Giriat, J. Ramos, M.P. Vecchi, Solar Energy Materials 1, (1979) 369CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    R. Klenk, T. Walter, D. Schmid and H.W. Schock, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 32(1993) Suppl 32–3, 57Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    CuIn(S,Se)2 Thin Films, T. Walter and H.W. Schock, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 32(1993) Suppl. 32–3, 116Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    R. Klenk, T. Walter, H.W. Schock, D. Cahen, Adv. Mater. 5, (2), (1993) 114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    H.W. Schock, Solar Cells and Solar En. Mat., in pressGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    T. Walter, M. Ruckh, K.O. Velthaus and H.W. Schock, Proc. 11th EC Photov. Solar Energy Conf., Montreux, 1992, (Harwood, Chur, 1993), 124.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    R. Klenk, R. Mauch, R. Schäffler, D. Schmid and H.W. Schock, Conf. Rec. 22nd IEEE Photov. Spec. Conf., Las Vegas, 1991, (IEEE, New York, 1991), 1071.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    T. Walter, R. Herberholz, H. W. Schock, in press J. Appl. Phys.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    T. Walter, R. Klenk, M. Ruckh, K. O. Velthaus and H. W. Schock, Proc. Int. Symp. Opt. Mat. Techn. Energy Eff. Sol. En. Conv. XI, EOS/SPIE Vol. 1729, Toulouse, 1992.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    C. Frederic, R. Gay, D. Tarrant, D. Willet, Conf. Rec. 23rd IEEE Photov. Spec Conf. 1993, (IEEE 1993) 437Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    L. Stolt, J. Hedström, J. Kessler, M. Ruckh, K.O. Velthaus and H.W. Schock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62 (6), (1993) 597CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    R.H. Mauch, J. Hedström, D. Lincot, M. Ruckh, J. Kessler, R. Klinger, L. Stolt, J. Vedel and H.W. Schock, Conf. Rec. 22nd IEEE Photov. Spec. Conf., Las Vegas, 1991, 898.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    R.H. Mauch and H.W. Schock, Proc. 10th EC Photov. Solar Energy Conf., Lisboa, 1991, (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1991), 88Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    D. Lincot, R. Ortega-Borges, J. Vedel, M. Ruckh, J. Kessler, K.O. Velthaus, D. Hariskos and H.W. Schock, Proc. 11th EC Photov. Solar Energy Conf., Montreux, 1992, (Harwood, Chur, 1993), 870Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    J. Kessler, K.O. Velthaus, M. Ruckh, R. Laichinger, H.W. Schock, D. Lincot, R. Ortega and J. Vedel, Proc. 6th Int. Photov. Sci. Eng. Conf. (PVSEC-6), New Delhi, 1992, 1005Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    J. Kessler, M. Ruckh, D. Hariskos, R. Menner and H.W. Schock, Conf. Rec. 23rd IEEE Photov. Spec. Conf., Louisville, 1993, 447Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    R. Menner and H.W. Schock, Proc. 11th EC Photov. Solar Energy Conf., Montreux, 1992, (Harwood, Chur, 1993), 834Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    A. Gabor, J. Tuttle, M. Contreras, D. Albin, A. Tennant, Y. Qu, D. Du, J. Caparella and R. Noufi, Proceedings 12th EC Photov. Solar Energy Conf., Amsterdam, 1994, in pressGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    D. Tarrant, J. Ermer, Conf. Rec. 23rd IEEE Photov. Spec. Conf., Louisville 1993, 372Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    T. Walter and H. W. Schock, Thin Solid Films, 224, (1993) 74CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Werner Schock
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Physikalische ElektronikUniversität StuttgartStuttgart

Personalised recommendations