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High lonic conductivity in solids—Theoretical aspects and applications

  • Günter Holzäpfel
  • Hans Rickert
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Solid State Physics book series (ASSP, volume 15)

Abstract

The conductivity of solid ionic conductors is determined by the concentration of the mobile ions and their mobilities. Both properties have a natural upper limit for solid electrolytes. The upper limit of the concentration is reached if all ions of one species are mobile and the upper limit of the mobility is reached if the activation energy for motion of the ions is practically zero i. e. that they move with thermal velocity between neighbouring lattice sites. Good solid electrolytes reach these limits or come close to them. Important solid electrolytes such as AgI, RbAg4I5, β-alumina, doped ZrO2 and CaF2 are discussed in detail. Galvanic solid state cells, which are of technical as well as scientific importance, can be constructed using solid ion conductors. The properties of these cells, their technical applications (e. g. in oxygen sensors, high temperature fuel cells, batteries and chemotronic building units) and their scientific applications for thermodynamic and kinetic investigations are discussed.

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günter Holzäpfel
    • 1
  • Hans Rickert
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Physikalische ChemieUniversität DortmundGermany

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