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Breakdown of plastics and polymers by microorganisms

  • Fusako Kawai
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 52)

Abstract

The interest in environmental issues is still growing and there are increasing demands to develop materials which do not burden the environment significantly. Awareness of the waste problem and its impact on the environment has awakened new interest in the area of degradable polymers. Biodegradation is necessary for water-soluble or water-miscible polymers because they eventually enter streams which can neither be recycled nor incinerated. It is important to consider the microbial degradation of natural and synthetic polymers in order to understand what is necessary for biodegradation and the mechanisms involved. This requires both biochemical insight and understanding of the interactions between materials and microorganisms. It is now widely requested that polymeric materials come from renewable resources instead of petrochemical sources. The microbial production of polymeric and oligomeric materials is also described.

Keywords

Activate Sludge Ethylene Oxide Propylene Oxide Aliphatic Polyester Polyaspartic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations

Tm

melting point

Tg

glass-transition temperature

HPLC

high-performance liquid chromatography

LC-MS

liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

Mn

average molecular weight

DCIP

2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol

MTT

3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide

PMS

phenazine methosulfate

p-CMB

p-(chloromercuri)benzoic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fusako Kawai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyKobe University of CommerceKobeJapan

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