Developments in mcirobial leaching—mechanisms of manganese solubilization

  • Patricia Rusin
  • Henry Ehrlich
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 52)


Microorganisms can be used to solubilize managenese in manganiferous oxide ores. The organisms usually use manganese as a terminal electron acceptor reducing it to Mn(II). Manganese-reducing organisms have been isolated from freshwater and ocean sediments, marine nodules, and ore samples. These organisms require, an organic source of carbon which can be provided in the form of molasses or other food industry waste products. The manganese-reducing bacteria and fungi can be used to extract manganese from low-grade, manganiferous ore, to separate manganese from iron in ferromanganiferous ore, and to release silver from refractory manganese oxide ores.


Manganese Oxide Pulp Density Shewanella Putrefaciens Manganese Reduction Manganese Solubilization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia Rusin
    • 1
  • Henry Ehrlich
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil and Water ScienceUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA

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