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A biomechanical model of the human tongue and its clinical implications

  • Yohan Payan
  • Georges Bettega
  • Bernard Raphaël
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1496)

Abstract

Many surgical technics act on the upper airway in general, and on the tongue in particular. For example, tongue is one of the anatomical structures involved in the case of Pierre Robin syndrome, mandibular prognathism, or sleep apnoea syndrome.

This paper presents the biomechanical and dynamical model of the human tongue we have developed, and the method we have used to fit this model to the anatomical and physical properties of a given patient’s tongue. Each step of the modeling process is precisely described: the soft tissues modeling through the Finite Element Method (geometrical design of the FE structure within the upper airway and representation of lingual musculature), and the motor control of the model with the corresponding dynamical simulations. Finally, the syndromes listed above are presented, with some focus on the clinical implications of the model.

Keywords

Biomechanical Model Tongue Movement Tongue Muscle Human Tongue Mandibular Prognathism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yohan Payan
    • 1
  • Georges Bettega
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bernard Raphaël
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculté de MédecineLaboratoire TIMC/IMAG - UMR CNRS 5525La TroncheFrance
  2. 2.Service de Chirurgie Plastique et Maxillo-FacialeCentre Hospitalier Universitaire de GrenobleFrance

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