Diffusion in polymer-diluent systems

  • Hiroshi Fujita
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 3/1)


Free Volume Glassy Polymer Allyl Chloride Sorption Curve Glass Transition Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bagley, E., and F. A. Long: Two-stage Sorption and desorption of organic vapors in cellulose acetate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 2172 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barrer, R. M.: Diffusion in and through solids. Cambridge Univ. Press. 1951.Google Scholar
  3. -: Some properties of diffusion coefficients in polymers. J. Phys. Chem. 61, 178 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. and R. R. Fergusson: Diffusion of benzene in rubber and polythene. Trans. Faraday Soc. 54, 989 (1958).Google Scholar
  5. Cohen, M. H., and D. Turnbull: Molecular transport in liquids and gases. J. Chem. Phys. 31, 1164 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crank, J.: A theoretical investigation of the influence of molecular relaxation and internal stress on diffusion in polymers. J. Polymer Sci. 11, 151 (1953).Google Scholar
  7. -The mathematics of diffusion. Oxford Univ. Press. 1956.Google Scholar
  8. Some methods of deducing the diffusion coefficient and its concentration dependence from sorption experiments. Trans. Faraday Soc. 51, 1632 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. G. S. Park: An evaluation of the diffusion coefficient for chloroform in polystyrene from simple absorption experiments. Trans. Faraday Soc. 45, 240 (1949).Google Scholar
  10. Diffusion in high polymers: Some anomalies and their significance. Trans. Faraday Soc. 47, 1072 (1951).Google Scholar
  11. de Groot, S. R.: Thermodynamics of irreversible processes. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publ. Co. 1951.Google Scholar
  12. Doolittle, A. K.: Studies in Newtonian flow. II. The dependence of the viscosity of liquids on free-space. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1471 (1951).Google Scholar
  13. Studies in Newtonian flow. III. The dependence of the viscosity of liquids on molecular weight and free space (in homologous series). J. Appl. Phys. 23, 236 (1952).Google Scholar
  14. Drechsel, P., J. L. Hoard and F. A. Long: Diffusion of acetone into cellulose nitrate films and study of the accompanying orientation. J. Polymer Sci. 10, 241 (1953).Google Scholar
  15. Ferry, J. D., and R. A. Stratton: The free volume interpretation of the dependence of viscosities and viscoelastic relaxation times on concentration, pressure, and tensile strain. Kolloid-Z. 171, 107 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fox, T. G., and P. J. Flory: Second-order transition temperatures and related properties of polystyrene. I. Influence of molecular weight. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 581 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. S. Loshaek: Isothermal viscosity-molecular weight dependence for long polymer chains. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1080 (1955).Google Scholar
  18. Fox, T. G., S. Gratch and S. Loshaek: Viscosity relationships for polymers in bulk and in concentrated solution, in Rheology, Vol. I, p. 431 (ed. F. R. Eirich), New York: Academic Press 1956.Google Scholar
  19. Frisch, H. L.: Gas permeation through membranes due to simultaneous diffusion and convection. J. Phys. Chem. 60, 1177 (1956).Google Scholar
  20. The time lag in diffusion. J. Phys. Chem. 61, 93 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. The time lag in diffusion. II. J. Phys. Chem. 62, 401 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. The time lag in diffusion. IV. J. Phys. Chem. 63, 1249 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fujita, H.: Diffusion accompanied with absorption of the Langmuir type. J. Phys. Soc. Japan 8, 271 (1953).Google Scholar
  24. Phenomenological basis of diffusion equations. Kagaku Kōgaku (Chem. Engineering) 25, 74 (1961) (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  25. A. Kishimoto: Diffusion-controlled stress relaxation in polymers. II. Stress relaxation in swollen polymers. J. Polymer Sci. 28, 547 (1958).Google Scholar
  26. A. Kishimoto and H. Odani: Features and interpretation of sorption processes in polymer-vapor systems. Prog. Theoret. Phys. (Kyoto) Suppl. 10, 210 (1959).Google Scholar
  27. A. Kishimoto: Note on the monomeric friction coefficient of poly-n-butyl methacrylate in diethyl phthalate. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 33, 274 (1960).Google Scholar
  28. A. Kishimoto and K. Matsumoto: Concentration and temperature dependence of diffusion coefficients for systems polymethyl acrylate and n-alkyl acetates. Trans. Faraday Soc. 56, 424 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. A. Kishimoto: Interpretation of viscosity data for concentrated polymer solutions. J. Chem. Phys. 34, 393 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gosting, L. J.: Measurement and interpretation of diffusion coefficients of proteins in Advances in Protein Chemistry, Vol. 11, p. 429 (ed. M. L. Anson, K. Bailey and J. T. Edsall), New York: Academic Press 1956.Google Scholar
  31. Hartley, G. S., and J. Crank: Some fundamental definitions and concepts in diffusion processes. Trans. Faraday Soc. 45, 801 (1949).Google Scholar
  32. Hayes, M. J., and G. S. Park: The diffusion of benzene in rubber. Part II. High concentration of benzene. Trans. Faraday Soc. 52, 949 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hooyman, G. J.: Thermodynamics of irreversible processes in rotating systems. Thesis, University of Leiden, Leiden 1955.Google Scholar
  34. Kishimoto, A., and K. Matsumoto: Diffusion of allyl chloride in polyvinyl acetate at 40° C. J. Phys. Chem. 63, 1529 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. E. Maekawa and H. Fujita: Diffusion coefficients for amorphous polymer and water systems. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 33, 988 (1960).Google Scholar
  36. H. Fujita, H. Odani, M. Kurata and M. Tamura: Successive differential absorptions of vapors by glassy polymers. J. Phys. Chem. 64, 594 (1960).Google Scholar
  37. Kokes, R. J., F. A. Long and J. L. Hoard: Diffusion of acetone into polyvinyl acetate above and below the second-order transition. J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1711 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Long, F. A., and R. J. Kokes: Diffusion of benzene and methylene chloride vapors into polystyrene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 2232 (1953).Google Scholar
  39. D. Richman: Concentration gradients for diffusion of vapors in glassy polymers and their relation to time dependent diffusion phenomena. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82, 513 (1960).Google Scholar
  40. E. Bagley and J. B. Wilkens: Anomalous diffusion of acetone into cellulose acetate. J. Chem. Phys. 21, 1412 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. I. Watt: Concentration gradients during sorption of vapor into polymers in the glassy state. J. Polymer Sci. 21, 554 (1956).Google Scholar
  42. Mandelkern, L., and F. A. Long: Rate of sorption of organic vapors by films of cellulose acetate. J. Polymer Sci. 6, 457 (1951).Google Scholar
  43. Meares, P.: Diffusion of allyl chloride in polyvinyl acetate. I. The steady state of permeation. J. Polymer Sci. 27, 391 (1958a).Google Scholar
  44. Diffusion of allyl chloride in polyvinyl acetate. II. The transient state of permeation. J. Polymer Sci. 27, 405 (1958b).Google Scholar
  45. The solubilities of gases in polyvinyl-acetate. Trans. Faraday Soc. 54, 40 (1958c).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Newns, A. C.: The sorption and desorption kinetics of water in a regenerated cellulose. Trans. Faraday Soc. 52, 1533 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Odani, H., J. Hayashi and M. Tamura: Diffusion in glassy polymers. II. Effects of polymer-penetrant interaction; diffusion of methyl ethyl ketone in atactic polystyrene. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 34, 817 (1961).Google Scholar
  48. S. Kida, M. Kurata and M. Tamura: Diffusion in glassy polymers. I. Effects of initial concentration upon the sorption of organic vapors in polymers. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 34, 571 (1961).Google Scholar
  49. Park, G. S.: The diffusion of some halo-methanes in polystyrene. Trans. Faraday Soc. 46, 684 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. The determination of the concentration dependent diffusion coefficient for methylene chloride in polystyrene by a steady state method. Trans. Faraday Soc. 48, 11 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. An experimental study of the influence of various factors on the time dependent nature of diffusion in polymers. J. Polymer Sci. 11, 97 (1953).Google Scholar
  52. Pollak, H. O., and H. L. Frisch: The time lag in diffusion. III. J. Phys. Chem. 63, 1022 (1959).Google Scholar
  53. Prager, S., and F. A. Long: Diffusion of hydrocarbons in polyisobutylene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 73, 4072 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Richman, D., and F. A. Long: Measurements of concentration gradients for diffusion of vapors in polymers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82, 509 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rogers, C. E., V. Stannett and M. Szwarc: The sorption, diffusion, and permeation of organic vapors in polyethylene. J. Polymer Sci. 45, 61 (1960).Google Scholar
  56. Wendt, R. P., and L. J. Gosting: The diffusion coefficient of lactamide in dilute aqueous solutions at 25° as measured with the Gouy diffusiometer. J. Phys. Chem. 63, 1287 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wilkens, J. B., and F. A. Long: A free-volume model for diffusion of small molecules in polymers. Trans. Faraday Soc. 53, 1146 (1957).Google Scholar
  58. Williams, M. L., R. F. Landel and J. D. Ferry: The temperature dependence of relaxation mechanisms in amorphous polymers and other glass-forming liquids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 3701 (1955).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Fujita
    • 1
  1. 1.Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Department of FisheriesKyoto UniversityMaizuruJapan

Personalised recommendations