Causes and effects of natural CO2 variations during the glacial-interglacial cycles

  • Ulrich Siegenthaler
Modelling Studies
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNEARTH, volume 16)


Planktonic Foraminifera Biological Pump Glacial Time Change Water Vapour Land Albedo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barnola, J.M., Raynaud, D., Korotkevitch, Y.S., Lorius, C. 1987: Vostok ice core: a 160,000-year record of atmospheric CO2. Nature, in press.Google Scholar
  2. Boyle, E.A. 1987: Cadmium: chemical tracer of deep water paleoceanography. Paleoceanography, in press.Google Scholar
  3. Broccoli, A.J., Manabe, S. 1987: The influence of continental ice, atmospheric CO2, and land albedo on the climate of the last glacial maximum. Climate Dynamics 1, 87–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Broecker, W.S. 1982: Ocean chemistry during glacial time. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46, 1689–1705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Broecker, W.S., Peng, T.-H. 1982: Tracers in the Sea. Eldigio Press, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades, NY 10964.Google Scholar
  6. CLIMAP project members, 1976: The surface of the ice-age earth. Science 191, 1131–1137.Google Scholar
  7. CLIMAP project members, 1981: Seasonal reconstruction of the earth's surface at the last glacial maximum. Geol. Soc. Am. Map Chart Ser. MC-36.Google Scholar
  8. Delmas, R.J., Ascencio, J.M., Legrand, M. 1980: Polar ice evidence that atmospheric CO2 20,000 y B.P. was 50 % of present. Nature 284, 155–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hansen, J., Lacis, A., Rind, D., Russel, G., Stone, P., Fung, I., Ruedy, R., Lerner, J. 1984: Climate sensitivity: analysis of feedback effects. In: Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity, Geophysical Monography 29, 130–163. American Geophysical Union.Google Scholar
  10. Hays, J.D., Imbrie, J., Shackleton, N.J. 1976: Variations in the earth's orbit: pacemaker of the ice age. Science 194, 1121–1132.Google Scholar
  11. Knox, F., McElroy, M.B. 1984: Changes in atmospheric CO2: Influences of the marine biota at high latitude. J. Geophys. Res. 89, 4629–4637.Google Scholar
  12. Neftel, A., Oeschger, H., Schwander, J., Stauffer, B., Zumbrunn, R. 1982: Ice core sample measurements give atmospheric CO2 content during the past 40,000 yr. Nature 295, 220–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Neftel, A., Oeschger, H., Staffelbach, T., Stauffer, B. 1987: CO2 record in the Byrd ice core 50,000-5000 years B.P. Nature, in press.Google Scholar
  14. Sarmiento, J.L., Toggweiler, J.R. 1984: A new model for the role of the oceans in determining atmospheric pCO2. Nature 308, 621–624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Shackleton, N.J., Hall, M.A., Line, J., Shuxi, C. 1983: Carbon isotope data in core V19–30 confirm reduced carbon dioxide concentrations in the ice age atmosphere. Nature 306, 319–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Siegenthaler, U. 1986: Carbon dioxide: its natural cycle and anthropogenic perturbation. In: Buat-Ménard, P. (ed.), The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling, 209–247 (Reidel).Google Scholar
  17. Siegenthaler, U., Wenk, T. 1984: Rapid atmospheric CO2 variations and ocean circulation. Nature 308, 624–625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stauffer, B., Hofer, H., Oeschger, H., Schwander, J., Siegenthaler, U. 1984: Atmospheric CO2 concentration during the last glaciation. Ann. Glaciol. 5, 160–164.Google Scholar
  19. Stauffer, B., Neftel, A., Oeschger, H., Schwander, J. 1985: CO2 concentration in air extracted from Greenland ice samples. In: Geophysical Monograph 33, 85–94, American Geophysical Union.Google Scholar
  20. Stauffer, B., Oeschger, H. 1985: Gaseous components in the atmosphere and the historic record revealed by ice cores. Ann. Glaciol. 7, 54–59.Google Scholar
  21. Wenk, T., Siegenthaler, U. 1984: The high-latitude ocean as a control of atmospheric CO2. In: The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present, Geophysical Monograph 32, 185–194. American Geophysical Union.Google Scholar
  22. Zumbrunn, R., Neftel, A., Oeschger, H. 1982: CO2 measurements on 1-cm3 ice samples with an IR laserspectrometer, Earth Planet. Sci. Let. 60, 318–324.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Siegenthaler
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics InstituteUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations