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Causes of interannual global temperature variations over the period since 1861

  • P. D. Jones
  • P. M. Kelly
Observational Studies
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNEARTH, volume 16)

Abstract

Large explosive volcanic eruptions and the ENSO phenomenon have been shown to have similar effects, of the order of 0.1 to 0.2°C, on hemispheric temperature. The effects are relatively short-lived. The duration of the maximum effect is of the order of 6 months and it occurs at some time within the two years immediately after the volcano or warm or cold event. These two factors are responsible for between 30 and 50% of the interannual, high frequency variability in the hemispheric temperature records.

Keywords

Southern Hemisphere Southern Oscillation Index Cold Event Hemispheric Temperature Monthly Weather Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. D. Jones
    • 1
  • P. M. Kelly
    • 1
  1. 1.Climatic Research Unit School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUnited Kingdom

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