Advertisement

Electronic and optical properties of low-dimensional semiconductor structures

  • Joachim Wagner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 419)

Abstract

This paper reviews the use of photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy for the study of low-dimensional electron and hole gases in modulation- and δ-doped semiconductor heterostructures. This type of spectroscopy provides information on the subband structure and band filling in those structures. In addition, insight is gained in electron-hole many-body interactions, such as the so-called Fermi edge singularity, and in the electron-hole interaction strength. The latter information can be extracted from, e.g., the optical measurement of electron spin relaxation. kinetics. Selected examples, mainly based on GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs heterostructures, will be discussed.

Keywords

Spin Relaxation Spin Relaxation Time Subband Energy GaAs Buffer Layer Electron Spin Relaxation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    See, e.g., selected chapters in “Physics and Applications of Quantum Wells and Superlattices”, E.E. Mendez and K. von Klitzing (eds.), (Plenum, New York, 1987), NATO Adv. Sci. Inst. Ser. B 170 (1987).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    See, e.g., D. Heitmann in “Physics and Applications of Quantum Wells and Superlattices”, E.E. Mendez and K. von Klitzing (eds.), (Plenum, New York, 1987), NATO Adv. Sci. Inst. Ser. B 170, 317 (1987).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    See, e.g., A. Pinczuk and G. Abstreiter in “Light Scattering in Solids V”, M. Cardona and G. Güntherodt (eds.), (Springer, Berlin, 1989) p. 153; A. Pinczuk in “Advances in Solid State Physics”, Vol. 32 (Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1992) p. 45.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    See, e.g., C. Weisbuch in “Physics and Applications of Quantum Wells and Superlattices”, E.E. Mendez and K. von Klitzing (eds.), (Plenum, New York, 1987), NATO Adv. Sci. Inst. Ser. B 170, 261 (1987).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    C.H. Chang, S.A. Lyon, and C.W. Tu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 258 (1988).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    I.V. Kukushkin, K. von Klitzing, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. B 37, 8509 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    I.V. Kukushkin, K. von Klitzing, K. Ploog, and V.B. Timofeev, Phys. Rev. B 40, 7788 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    S. Schmitt-Rink, C. Ell, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B 33, 1183 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    M.S. Skolnick, J.M. Rorison, K.J. Nash, D.J. Mowbray, P.R. Tapster, S.J. Bass, and A.D. Pitt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2130 (1987).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    G. Livescu, D.A.B. Miller, D.S. Chemla, M. Ramaswamy, T.Y. Chang, N. Sauer, A.C. Gossard, J.H. English, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1677 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    See, e.g., T.C. Damen, L. Vina, J.E. Cunningham, J. Shah, and L.J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3432 (1991) and references therein.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    E. Burstein, Phys. Rev. 93, 632 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Q.X. Zhao, J.P. Bergman, P.O. Holtz, B. Monemar, C. Hallin, M. Sundaram, J.L. Merz, and A.C. Gossard, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 5, 884 (1990); J.P. Bergman, Q.X. Zhao, P.O. Holtz, B. Monemar, M. Sundaram, J.L. Merz, and A.C. Gossard, Phys. Rev. B 443, 4771 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    A.J. Turberfield, S.R. Haynes, P.A. Wright, R.A. Ford, R.G. Clark, J.F. Ryan, J.J. Harris, and C.T. Foxon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 637 (1990); B.B. Goldberg, D. Heiman, A. Pinczuk, L. Pfeiffer, and K. West, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 641 (1990).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    D. Heiman, A. Pinczuk, B.S. Dennis, L.N. Pfeiffer, and K.W. West, Phys. Rev. B 45, 1492 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    See, e.g., K. Ploog, M. Hauser. and A. Fischer, Appl. Phys. A 45, 233 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    See, e.g., F. Koch and A. Zrenner, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 1, 221 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    J. Wagner, M. Ramsteiner, D. Richards, G. Fasol, and K. Ploog, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 143 (1991); D. Richards, J. Wagner, M. Ramsteiner, U. Ekenberg, G. Fasol, and K. Ploog, Surf. Sci. 267, 61 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    A. Zrenner, F. Koch, and K. Ploog, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 91, 171 (1988); R.B. Beall, J.B. Clegg, and J.J. Harris, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 3, 612 (1988).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    J. Wagner, M. Ramsteiner, W. Stolz, M. Hauser, and K. Ploog, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 978 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    N. Schwarz, F. Müller, G. Tempel, F. Koch, and G. Weimann, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 4, 571 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    G. Abstreiter, R. Merlin, and A. Pinczuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1771 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    C.H. Perry, K.S. Lee, W. Zhou, J.M. Worlock, A. Zrenner, F. Koch, and K. Ploog, Surf. Sci. 196, 677 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    J.C.M. Henning, Y.A.A.R. Kessner, P.M. Koenraad, M.R. Leys, W. van der Vleuten, J.H. Wolter, and A.M. Frens, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 1079 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    J. Wagner, A. Fischer, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. B 42, 7280 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    J. Wagner, A. Fischer, and K. Ploog, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 428 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    D. Richards, J. Wagner, A. Fischer, and K. Ploog, to appear in Appl. Phys. Lett.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    A.M. Gilinsky, K.S. Zhuravlev, D.I. Lubyshev, V.P. Migal, V.V. Preobrazhenskii, and B.R. Semiagin, Superlattices and Microstructures 10, 399 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    J. Wagner, A. Ruiz, and K. Ploog, Phys. Rev. B 43, 12134 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    D. Richards, J. Wagner, H. Schneider, G. Hendorfer, M. Maier, A. Fischer, and K. Ploog, to appear in Phys. Rev. B.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    W. Chen, M. Fritze, A.V. Nurmikko, D. Ackley, C. Colvard, and H. Lee, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2434 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    W. Chen, M. Fritze, A.V. Nurmikko, M. Hong, and L.L. Chang, Phys. Rev. B 43, 14738 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    J.F. Mueller, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11189 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    P. Hawrylak, Phys. Rev. B 44, 6242 (1991).Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    T. Ogawa and T. Takagahara, Phys. Rev. B 43, 14325 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    J.M. Calleja, A.R. Goni, B.S. Dennis, J.S. Weiner, A. Pinczuk, S. Schmitt-Rink, L.N. Pfeiffer, K.W. West, J.F. Müller, and A.E. Ruckenstein, Solid State Commun. 79, 911 (1991); Surf. Sci. 263, 346 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    R.R. Parsons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 1152 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    R.J. Seymour and R.R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 231 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    A. Tackeuchi, S. Muto, T. Inata, and T. Fuji, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2213 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    S. Bar-Ad and I. Bar-Joseph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 349 (1992).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    G. Fishman and G. Lampel, Phys. Rev. B 16, 820 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    A.G. Aronov, G.E. Pikus, and A.N. Titkov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 84, 1170 (1983) [Sov. Phys. JETP 57, 680 (1983)].Google Scholar
  43. [43]
    K. Zerrouati, F. Fabre, G. Bacquet, J. Bandet, J. Frandon, G. Lampel, and D. Paget, Phys. Rev. B 37, 1334 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    G.L. Bir, A.G. Aronov, and G.E. Pikus, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 69, 1382 (1975) [Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 705 (1976)].Google Scholar
  45. [45]
    M.I. D'yakonov and V.I. Perel', Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 60, 1954 (1971) [Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 1053 (1971)].Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    J. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Richards, A. Fischer, and K. Ploog, to be published.Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    See, e.g., Y. Chen, B. Gil, P. Lefebre, and H. Mathieu, Phys. Rev. B 37, 6429 (1988); U. Rössler, S. Jorda, and D. Brodio, Solid State Commun. 73, 209 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Wagner
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte FestkörperphysikFreiburgGermany

Personalised recommendations