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Developments in anionic polymerization — A critical review

  • Marcel Van Beylen
  • Stanley Bywater
  • Georges Smets
  • Michael Szwarc
  • Denis J. Worsfold
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 86)

Abstract

After a short introduction reviewing the different living polymerization systems described in the earlier and recent litterature and a brief discussion of the concept of living polymers and its implications, the authors turn to the survey of the recent progresses in anionic polymerization. Thus the anionic polymerization of methyl methacrylate, particularly in polar medium, and of some other methacrylic esters is reviewed. Earlier data on the anionic polymerization of styrene and its derivatives as well as some recent ones are critically and mechanistically discussed. Anionic polymerization involving bivalent cations is considered depending on whether the living polymer chain is endowed with one or two active end-groups. Controversies in the modes of association of dienes are discussed in terms of a tetramer-dimer equilibrium and the results of viscometric measurements are critically examined. Furthermore a survey is given of the recent findings on the stereochemistry of polydienes. Other topics included are some aspects of initiation among which the validity of the seeding technique and some problems related with copolymerization. Finally the influence of coordinated agents on the anionic polymerization is reviewed and a mechanism for the propagation step is formulated.

Keywords

Anionic Polymerization Narrow Molecular Weight Distribution Lithium Salt Hydrocarbon Solvent Barium Salt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcel Van Beylen
    • 1
  • Stanley Bywater
    • 2
  • Georges Smets
    • 1
  • Michael Szwarc
    • 3
  • Denis J. Worsfold
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Macromolecular and Organic ChemistryUniversity of LeuvenHeverleeBelgium
  2. 2.Division of ChemistryNational Research Council OttawaCanada
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La Jolla

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