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Polysiloxane containing copolymers: A survey of recent developments

  • İskender Yilgör
  • James E. McGrath
Conference paper
  • 1.4k Downloads
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 86)

Abstract

The principal focus of this review will be to document and discuss the recent developments in the synthesis, properties and applications of polyorganosiloxane containing block, segmented and graft copolymers and network structures. Special emphasis will be given to the synthesis and characterization of reactive, organofunctionally-terminated siloxane oligomers, which are the key starting materials or intermediates in the preparation of these well-defined copolymers. Use of these functionally terminated oligomers in the modification of network structures will be discussed. Detailed descriptions of the copolymer formation reactions and the effect of reaction variables, such as temperature and solvent, on the properties of the resultant materials will be given. Discussions of the bulk and surface morphology of siloxane containing copolymers and their blends with other polymeric systems will be provided. Potential applications of these novel materials and possible future directions in the chemistry and technology of polyorganosiloxane containing polymeric systems will also be discussed.

Keywords

Block Copolymer Graft Copolymer Hard Segment Liquid Crystalline Polymer Anionic Polymerization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

PDMS

Polydimethylsiloxane

PDPS

Polydiphenylsiloxane

D

Dimethylsiloxane

D3

Hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane

D4

Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane

D″

Diphenylsiloxane

D″4

Octaphenylcyclotetrasiloxane

M

Trimethylsilicon

F

(1,1,1-trifluoropropyl,methyl)siloxane

TMPS

Tetramethyl-p-silphenylenesiloxane

PSX

Polysiloxane oligomer

Mn

Number average molecular weight

Mw

Weight average molecular weight

MWD

Molecular weight distribution

Tg

Glass transition temperature

Tm

Melting temperature

Tc

Crystallization temperature

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

DMF

N,N-Dimethylformamide

DMAC

N,N-Dimethylacetamide

NMP

1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone

EEE

2-Ethoxyethyl ether

MEK

Methyl ethyl ketone

MMA

Methyl methacrylate

St

Styrene

MDI

4,4′-Diphenylmethane diisocyanate

TDI

Tolylene diisocyanate

HMDI

Bis(4-isocyanatocyclohexyl)methane

PMDA

Pyromellitic dianhydride

BTDA

Benzophenonetetracarboxylicacid dianhydride

ODA

4-Aminophenyl ether

DDS

p-Aminophenyl sulfone

Bis-A

Bisphenol-A

BPF

Bisphenol fluorenone

MDEA

N-Methyldiethanolamine

HEMA

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

PACM

Bis(4-aminocyclohexyl)methane

AIBN

Azobisisobutyronitrile

PEO

Poly(ethylene oxide)glycol

PVC

Poly(vinyl chloride)

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PSF

Polysulfone

PS

Polystyrene

PC

Bisphenol-A Polycarbonate

PET

Poly(ethylene terephthalate)

RTV

Room Temperature Vulcanization

SIS

Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Triblock Copolymer

SBS

Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene Triblock Copolymer

DP

Degree of polymerization

IPN

Interpenetrating Network

DSC

Differential Scanning Calorimetry

TMA

Thermomechanical Analysis

TGA

Thermogravimetric Analysis

DMA

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

UV

Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

IR

Infrared Spectroscopy

'H-NMR

Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

FT-IR

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

DR

Diffuse Reflectance

ATR

Attenuated Total Reflectance

GPC

Gel Permeation Chromatography

VPO

Vapor Pressure Osmometry

ESCA

Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (also called XPS)

XPS

X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

SEM

Scanning Electron Microscopy

TEM

Transmission Electron Microscopy

SAXS

Small Angle X-Ray Scattering

WAXS

Wide Angle X-Ray Scattering

SANS

Small Angle Neutron Scattering

E′

Storage Modulus

MPa

Mega Pascal

[η]

Intrinsic Viscosity

LEO

Low Earth Orbit

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • İskender Yilgör
    • 1
  • James E. McGrath
    • 2
  1. 1.Mercor IncorporatedBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Polymer Materials and Interfaces LaboratoryVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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