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Recent advances in styrene polymerization

  • D. B. Priddy
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 111)

Abstract

Over 200 references describing spontaneous, and chemically initiated styrene polymerization chemistry are reviewed with special emphasis on advances taking place in the past decade. The review is limited to chemistry useful for making amorphous high molecular weight polystyrene in solution polymerization processes. Chemical initiators have been categorized into three basic groups as follws: 1) anionic; 2) mono-radical; and 3) diradical. Analytical techniques used for determination of free radical polymerization kinetics and mechanisms are also discussed.

Keywords

Continuous Stir Tank Reactor Anionic Polymerization Styrene Polymerization Free Radical Polymerization Styrene Conversion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Symbols

FR

free radical

S

styrene

PS

polystyrene

A

active anion concentration

EB

ethylbenzene concentration

EB

ethylbenzene anion concentration

H+C−1

contaminant concentration

[H+C−1]

contaminant concentration in feed

I

initiator concentration

Io

initiator concentration in feed

I

initiator anion

Ct

chain transfer constant

kcts

rate constant for chain transfer to ethylbenzene

ki

rate constant of n-butyl lithium initiation

kp

rate constant of polystyrene propagation

kt

rate constant of termination

ktic

rate constant of contaminant reacting with initiator

ktpc

rate constant of contaminant terminating anion

ktt

rate constant of thermal termination of anions

Li+

lithium cation concentration

Mn

number average molecular weight

PS

terminated polystyrene concentration

PS

growing polystyrene anion concentration

Rcts

rate of chain transfer to ethylbenzene

Ri

rate of n-butyl lithium initiation

Rp

rate of polystyrene propagation

Rt

rate of anion termination

S

styrene monomer concentration

S0

styrene monomer concentration in feed

Q

residence time in CSTR

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Priddy
    • 1
  1. 1.The Dow Chemical CompanyMidlandUSA

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