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Reactive surfactants in emulsion polymerization

  • A. Guyot
  • K. Tauer
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 111)

Abstract

Covalent binding of the surfactants to the polymers obtained from emulsion polymerization is expected to improve some properties of the resulting latexes and also of the films formed from these latexes. This is possible if the surfactants include functional groups capable of interacting with the radical polymerization process. These functional groups may be a polymerizable function so that the surfactant is a comonomer, named in this review SURFMER. Alternatively it may be an initiator (INISURF) or a transfer agent (TRANSURF). The paper is a literature review of the state of the art and illustrates the increasing interest in this field. The main trends and some prospects are discussed in the conclusions.

Keywords

Critical Micelle Concentration Nonionic Surfactant Emulsion Polymerization Vinyl Acetate Polystyrene Latex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations and Symbols

AIBN

Azobis isobutyronitrile

B

Butyl acrylate

CMC

Critical micellar concentration

DLVO

DerJaguin, Landau, Verwey, Overbeek

e

Charge parameter for a monomer

HLB

Hydrophilic-lipophilic balance

H-SAAS

Hydrogenated sodium alkyl allyl sulfosuccinate

ICI

Imperial Chemical Industries

KPS

Potassium persulfate

Na AAS

Sodium 9 acrylamidostearate

NIAD

Non-ionic aqueous dispersion

Q

Reactivity parameter of a polymer radical

S

Styrene

SAAS

Sodium alkyl allyl sulfosuccinate

SAU

Sodium acrylamido undecanoate

SDS

Sodium dodecyl sulfate

SPM

Sulfopropyl methacrylate

SSDSE

Styrene sodium dodecyl sulfate ether

VA

Vinyl acetate

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Guyot
    • 1
  • K. Tauer
    • 2
  1. 1.CNRS — Laboratoire de Chimie et Procédés de PolymérisationVERNAISONFrance
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute für Kolloid- und GrenzflächenforschungBerlinFRG

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