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Secondary relaxations in glassy polymers: Hydrophilic polymethacrylates and polyacrylates

  • Jan Kolařík
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 46)

Abstract

Although secondary relaxations (dispersions, transitions) in glassy polymers have extensively been studied within the last two decades, current understanding of their molecular mechanisms still remains incomplete and qualitative. At present, it is usually possible to identify the structural units, i.e. short sequences of main chains or parts of side chains, whose motions give rise to relaxation phenomena; however, it is difficult to draw conclusions on the type of molecular motions and the mechanism of energy storage, transfer and dissipation. Categorization and characterization of molecular motions underlying secondary relaxations are briefly reviewed to surface some topical problems as yet unsolved. Furthermore, elucidation and classification of the effects of low-molecular weight compounds on molecular mobility have been attempted for the first time. An overview of the author's dynamic mechanical measurements of hydrophilic polymethacrylates and polyacrylates is presented to illustrate the effects of polarity, geometrical constraints, comonomers, and incorporated diluents on molecular mobility. Concepts of dynamics and intensity of dynamic mechanical relaxations and other methods employed for the study of molecular motions are shortly surveyed.

Keywords

Motional Unit Side Group Molecular Motion Molecular Mobility Loss Peak 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Kolařík
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryCzechoslovak Academy of SciencesPrague 6Czechoslovakia

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