Advertisement

Conceptual analysis of hypertext

  • Robert E. Kent
  • Christian Neuss
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1326)

Abstract

In this chapter tools and techniques from the mathematical theory of formal concept analysis are applied to hypertext systems in general, and the World Wide Web in particular. Various processes for the conceptual structuring of hypertext are discussed: summarization, conceptual scaling, and the creation of conceptual links. Well-known interchange formats for summarizing networked information resources as resource meta-information are reviewed, and two new interchange formats originating from formal concept analysis are advocated. Also reviewed is conceptual scaling, which provides a principled approach to the faceted analysis techniques in library science classification. The important notion of conceptual linkage is introduced as a generalization of a hyperlink. The automatic hyperization of the content of legacy data is described, and the composite conceptual structuring with hypertext linkage is defined. For the conceptual empowerment of the Web user, a new technique called conceptual browsing is advocated. Conceptual browsing, which browses over conceptual links, is dual mode (both extensional and intensional) and dual scope (both global and local).

Keywords

Formal Concept Concept Lattice Conceptual State Formal Context Formal Concept Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wille, R.: Restructuring Lattice Theory: An Approach Based on Hierarchies of Concepts. Ordered Sets, I. Rival (ed.), Reidel, Dordrecht-Boston (1982) 445–470Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rowley, J.: Organising Knowledge: An Introduction to Information Retrieval. Gower, Aldershot, Hants, England (1987)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ganter, B., Wille, R.: Conceptual Scaling. Applications of Combinatorics and Graph Theory in the Biological and Social Sciences, Springer, New York (1989), F. Roberts (ed.), 139–167Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wille, R.: Concept Lattices and Conceptual Knowledge Systems. Computers and Mathematics with Applications, vol. 23, 493–522 (1992)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wynar, B., Taylor, A.: Introduction to Cataloging and Classification, 8th ed. Libraries Unlimited, Englewood, Colorado (1992)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berners-Lee, T., Cailliau R., Groff J., Pollerman, B.: World-Wide Web: The Information Universe. CERN, Geneva, Swizerland, (1992)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kent, R.E.: Rough Concept Analysis. International Workshop on Rough Sets and Knowledge Discovery (RSKD'93), Banff, Alberta, Canada, October, 1993. Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 27, 169–181 (August 1996)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wilson, E.: Hypertext Libraries: The Automatic Production of Hypertext Documents. Research in Humanities Computing, S. Hockey and N. Ide (eds.), 232–246 (1994)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deutsch, P., Emtage, A.: Publishing Information on the Internet with Anonymous FTP. Bunyip Information Systems Inc., (May 1994)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bowman, M., Dharap, C., Baruah, M., Camargo, B., Potti, S.: A File System for Information Management. Proceedings of the Conference on Intelligent Information Management Systems, (June 1994)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bowman, M., Danzig, P., Hardy, D., Manber, U., Schwartz, M.: Harvest: A Scalable, Customizable Discovery and Access System. technical report CU-CS732-94, University of Colorado, (July 1994)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mealling, M.: Encoding and Use of Uniform Resource Characteristics. Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), Internet draft document draft-ietf-uri-urc-specOO.txt, (July 1994)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kent, R.E., Neuss, C.: Creating a 3D Web Analysis and Visualization Environment. Proceedings of the Second International World Wide Web Conference (WWWF'94), Mosaic and the Web, (October 1994) Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, vol. 28, 109–117 (1995) http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/IT94/Proceedings/Autools/kent/kent.htmlGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bowman, M., Danzig, P., Hardy, D., Manber, U., Schwartz, M.: The Harvest Information Discovery and Access System. Proceedings of the Second International World Wide Web Conference (WWWF'94), Mosaic and the Web, (October 1994)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kent, R.E.: Enriched Interpretation. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Rough Sets and Soft Computing (RSSC'94), (November 1994)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Winograd, T.: Mail message in the URI Mail Archives. Discussion thread entitled “Library Standards and URIs,” (January 1995) http://www.acl.lanl.gov/URI/archive/uri-95ql.messages/0023.htmlGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kent, R.E.: WHO I AM. Mail message in the Conference Discussion List Archive for the OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop: The Essential Elements of Network Object Description, (March 1995) http://union.ncsa.uiuc.edu/www/metadata-workshop/0009.htmlGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Neuss, C., Kent, R.E.: Conceptual Analysis of Resource Meta-information. Proceedings of the Third International World Wide Web Conference (WWW'95), Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, vol. 27, 973–984 (April 1995) http://www.igd.fhg.de/www/www95/papers/94/www3.htmlGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kent, R.E., Bowman, M.: Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface. White paper, Transarc Corporation, Pittsburgh (April 1995) http://www.Tansarc.com/afs/transarc.com/public/trg/papers/techrep0495.psGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kent, R.E., Neuss, C.: Web Conceptual Space. WebNet 96 — World Conference of the Web Society Proceedings, 255-260 (October 1996) http://wave.eecs.wsu.eda/WAVE/WebNet96.docGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Kent
    • 1
  • Christian Neuss
    • 2
  1. 1.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.Technische Hochschule DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations