Towards a typology of educational uses of hypermedia

  • Tricia Jones
Hypermedia Environments And Instruction
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 438)


In this paper, we examine hypermedia systems with an emphasis on the types of learning they are appropriate for. We use Bloom's taxonomy of behavioral objectives as the organizing framework for a discussion of educational uses of hypermedia. First, we will discuss the desirable characteristics of a system designed to support the various taxonomy levels. Next, we will examine a few systems in an attempt to discover which types of learning they are suited for. It is hoped that this paper can serve as an impetus for the creation of a theoretical framework as to how, when, and why hypermedia will be appropriate.


Educational Objective Behavioral Objective Core Information Exploratory Learning Environment Flexible Learning Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beeman, William O.; Anderson, Kenneth T.; Bader, Gail; Larkin, James; McClard, Anne P; McQuillan, Patrick; and Shields, Mark. 1987. Hypertext and Pluralism: From Lineal to Non-lineal Thinking. Proceedings of Hypertext '87, 67–88.Google Scholar
  2. Bloom, Benjamin S. 1956. Taxonomy of educational objectives; the classification of educational goals, Handbook I: Cognitive Domain. David McKay Company: New York.Google Scholar
  3. Conklin, Jeff. 1987. Hypertext: an introduction and survey. IEEE Computer, 20(9): 17–41.Google Scholar
  4. Conklin, Jeff, and Begeman, Michael. 1987. gIBIS: A Hypertext tool for team design deliberation. Proceedings of Hypertext '87, pp. 247–251.Google Scholar
  5. Fischer, G., Jones, W.P., Kintsch, W., Weyer, S.A., Kay, A.C., and Trigg, R.H. 1988. A critical assessment of hypertext systems. In CHI'88 Conference Proceedings: Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 223–227. ACM: Washington DC.Google Scholar
  6. Fischer, G., McCall, R., and Morch, A. 1989. Design environments for constructive and argumentative design. Proceedings of CHI'89, pp. 269–275.Google Scholar
  7. Gagné, Robert M., Briggs, Leslie J., and Wager, Walter W., eds. 1988. Principles of Instructional Design. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.Google Scholar
  8. Hammond, N.V. and Allinson, L.J. 1988. Travels around a learning support environment: Rambling, orienteering or touring? In Soloway, E., Frye, D. and Sheppard, S.B. (eds), CHI'88 Conference Proceedings: Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM: Washington DC, 15–19 May, pp. 269–273.Google Scholar
  9. Kozma, R. B. 1989. Hypertext and learning: the case for Learning Tool. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  10. Kreitzberg, C., and Shneiderman, B. 1988. Restructuring knowledge for an electronic encyclopedia. Proceedings of the International Ergonomics Association's 10th Congress.Google Scholar
  11. Landow, George P. 1987. Relationally encoded links and the rhetoric of hypertext. Proceedings of Hypertext '87, 331–344.Google Scholar
  12. Leggett, J., Schnase, J., and Kacmar, Charles. 1990. Hypertext for learning. In Designing Hypermedia for Learning. David Jonassen and H. Mandel (eds.) Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  13. Mayes, J. T., Kibby, M., and Watson, H. 1988. StrathTutor: The development and evaluation of a learning-by-browsing system on the Macintosh. Computers in Education, 12(1): 221–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mayes, J. T., Kibby, M., and Anderson, T. 1989a. Signposts for conceptual orientation: some requirements for learning from hypertext. In the Proceedings of Hypertext II, York, UK.Google Scholar
  15. Mayes, J. T., Kibby, M., and Anderson, T. 1989b. Learning about learning from hypertext.Google Scholar
  16. Rowntree, Derek. 1982. Educational Technology in Curriculum Development. London: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  17. Scardamalia, M., Bereiter, C., McLean, R.S., Swallow, J., Woodruff, E. 1989. Computer-supported intentional learning environments. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 4(1): 51–68.Google Scholar
  18. Whalley, Peter. 1990. Models of hypertext structure and learning. In Designing Hypermedia for Learning. David Jonassen and H. Mandel (eds). Springer Verlag.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tricia Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Human-Computer Interaction Lab Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations