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Coarse coding accounts for improvement of spatial discrimination after plastic reorganization in rats and humans

  • Christian W. Eurich
  • Hubert R. Dinse
  • Ulrike Dicke
  • Ben Godde
  • Helmut Schwegler
Part I: Coding and Learning in Biology
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1327)

Abstract

We reported that a protocol of associative (Hebbian) pairing of tactile stimulation (APTS) evokes cortical plastic changes. In rats, we found a selective enlargement of the areas of cortical neurons representing the stimulated skin fields and of the corresponding receptive fields (RFs). Using an analogous APTS protocol in humans revealed an increase of spatial discrimination performance indicating that fast plastic processes based on coactivation patterns act on a cortical and a perceptual level [4]. Here we use the coarse coding scheme as a model for parallel information processing in neural populations to calculate the resolution changes of sensory neurons before and after plastic reorganization. We demonstrate that an increase of RF size that is paralleled by an increase of RF overlap and an enlargement of cortical representational area result in a substantial improvement of sensory resolution which is in the same range as the psychophysically obtained improvement of discrimination in humans.

Keywords

Receptive Field Tactile Stimulation Sensory Space Sensory Resolution Receptive Field Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian W. Eurich
    • 1
  • Hubert R. Dinse
    • 2
  • Ulrike Dicke
    • 1
  • Ben Godde
    • 2
  • Helmut Schwegler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Institut für NeuroinformatikRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany

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