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Lower bound on the size of shares of nonperfect secret sharing schemes

  • Koji Okada
  • Kaoru Kurosawa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 917)

Abstract

In a secret sharing scheme (SS), a dealer D distributes a piece of information V i of a secret S to each participant P i . If we desire that ¦V i ¦ < ¦S¦, a nonperfct SS must be used, in which there exists a semi-access set C that has some information on S, but cannot recover S. This paper first presents a general lower bound on ¦V i ¦ which includes the previous lower bounds for perfect SSs and nonperfect SSs as special cases. There exist, however, access hierarchies in which ¦V i ¦ must be larger than the general lower bound, of course. As our second contribution, we determine the optimum size of V i for such a certain access hierarchy.

Keywords

Access Structure Sharing Scheme Secret Sharing Scheme General Access Structure Probabilistic Turing Machine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koji Okada
    • 1
  • Kaoru Kurosawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan

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