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An object-oriented client/server architecture for video-on-demand applications

  • J. Deicke
  • U. Mayer
  • M. Glesner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1309)

Abstract

One of the most important standardization efforts in the broad field of audiovisual coding is MPEG-4 that introduces objects as smallest accessible units inside frames. This creates new possibilities in scalable scene compositions where more interesting foreground objects (e. g. a news speaker) can be lossy encoded with a better quality than a less interesting background object. This leads to new degrees of freedom in achieving high compression rates. Furthermore, this new audiovisual coding paradigm provides new functionalities in interactive audiovisual presentations. In this paper, we present a prototype realization of a video-on-demand application that enables distributed event handling of object-related events created by a user. Our system consists of a client/server architecture, where the client side handles events like zooming or moving single video objects at presentation time, while the server side considers user control concerning the quality of a lossy encoding of the single video objects. The term object-oriented stands for the access of objects rather than frames in our coding scheme as well as the object-oriented design of our software system by means of aggregation, association or inheritance. This paper describes the architecture of our system by explaining how the desired distributed functionality can be achieved. The software is entirely written in the Java language. Therefore, platform independence is achieved by using the Java Virtual Machine. Java's multithreading capabilities are used to design a highly extendible and flexible system that can be dynamically configured at runtime. The overall functionality of the system is explained with OMT class diagrams, block diagrams and state diagrams describing a protocol exchange by client and server, including the influence of the user interaction on the quality of the transmitted video objects.

Keywords

Server Side Client Side Video Object Java Virtual Machine Differential Pulse Code Modulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Deicke
    • 1
  • U. Mayer
    • 1
  • M. Glesner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Microelectronic SystemsDarmstadt University of TechnologyGermany

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