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3D Facial Expression Classification Using 3D Facial Surface Normals

  • Hamimah UjirEmail author
  • Michael Spann
  • Irwandi Hipni Mohamad Hipiny
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 291)

Abstract

With current advanced 3D scanners technology, direct anthropometric measurements are easily obtainable and it offers 3D geometrical data suitable for 3D face processing studies. Instead of using the raw 3D facial points, we extracted one of its derivatives, 3D facial surface normals. We constructed a statistical model for variations in facial shape due to changes in six basic expressions using 3D facial surface normals as the feature vectors. In particular, we are interested in how such facial expression variations manifest themselves in terms of changes in the field of 3D facial surface normals. Using our approach, using 3D facial surface normal yields a better performance than 3D facial points and 3D distance measurements in facial expression classification. The attained results suggest surface normals do indeed produce a comparable result particularly for six basic facial expressions with no intensity information.

Keywords

Facial expression classification Principal component analysis 3D facial features 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This preliminary work was supported by Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education through Exploratory Research Grant Scheme 1020/2013(17) to Dr Hamimah Ujir. Dr Hamimah Ujir is a scholar at the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, UNIMAS where the work was carried out.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamimah Ujir
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Spann
    • 2
  • Irwandi Hipni Mohamad Hipiny
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computational Science and Mathematics, Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Electronic, Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  3. 3.Department of Computing and Software Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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