Why Other Children are not Recruited?

  • Kai ChenEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


In the case of the Myanmar–China border, child soldiering is just one of most crucial ways in which children are affected by armed conflicts. This chapter presents comparisons between child soldiers and the other groups of children that are not recruited into ranks but vulnerable to the negative consequences of armed conflicts.


Child labor Disabled children Evacuation Vulnerable situation 


  1. Caouette TM, Participatory Action Research Project of Save The Children Foundation, Great Britain Department for International Development (2001) Small dreams beyond reach: the lives of migrant children and youth along the borders of China, Myanmar, and Thailand. Save the Children (UK), LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Dowdney L (2006) Neither war nor peace: international comparisons of children and youth in organised armed violence. S.l.: 7 LetrasGoogle Scholar
  3. Dupuy KE, Peters K (2010) War and children: a reference handbook. Praeger Security International, Santa BarbaraGoogle Scholar
  4. Geneva C (2011) Humanitarian impact of landmines in Burma/Myanmar. Accessed 21 May 2013
  5. Graceffo A (2008, Feb 1) From orphan to soldier, another life in Shan State. Shan Herald. Accessed 21 May 2013
  6. Heppner K, Becker J, Human Rights Watch (2002) My gun was as tall as me: child soldiers in Burma. Human Rights Watch, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Holmes L (2010) Trafficking and human rights: European and Asia-Pacific perspectives. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, NorthamptonGoogle Scholar
  8. Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (2008) Forgotten future: children affected by armed conflict in Burma. Human Rights Education Institute of Burma, Chiang MaiGoogle Scholar
  9. International Crisis group (2011) Myanmar: a new peace initiative. Asia Report N°214. Accessed 21 May 2013
  10. IRIN (2013, May 15) Landmine casualties rising in Kachin, Myanmar. Accessed 21 May 2013
  11. IRIN (2013, Jan 22) In brief: forced labor in Thai factory. Accessed 21 May 2013
  12. Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor (2012) Accessed 21 May 2013
  13. Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development and UNICEF (2012) Situation analysis of children in Myanmar. Nay Pyi Taw, MyanmarGoogle Scholar
  14. Palaung Women’s Organization (2011) Stolen lives: human trafficking from Palaung areas of Burma to China. Accessed 21 May 2013
  15. Schauer E, Elbert T (2010) The psychological impact of child soldiering. In Martz E (ed) Trauma rehabilitation after war and conflict community and individual perspectives. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Schober J (2011) Modern Buddhist conjunctures in Myanmar: cultural narratives, colonial legacies, and civil society, University of Hawaii Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  17. South A, Perhult M, Carstensen N (2010) Conflict and Survival: Self-protection in south-east Burma. Chatham House. Accessed 21 May 2013Google Scholar
  18. Steinberg DI (2010) Burma/Myanmar: what everyone needs to know. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Thawnghmung AM, East-West Center (2011) Beyond armed resistance: ethnonational politics in Burma (Myanmar). East-West Center, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  20. The Irrawaddy Magazine (2009, Jan 23) Child labor widespread in delta. Accessed 21 May 2013
  21. The Kachin News Group (2012, Oct 19) Burma army shoots child inside Chinese refugee camp. Accessed 21 May 2013
  22. The United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking (2010) The Mekong region human country datasheets on human trafficking. Accessed 21 May 2013
  23. United Nations (1996) General on impact of armed conflict on children. A/51/306. Accessed 21 May 2013
  24. United Nations (2000) Children and armed conflict. A/55/163–S/2000/712. Accessed 21 May 2013
  25. United Nations (2002) Question of the violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms in any part of the world. E/CN.4/2002/45. Accessed 21 May 2013
  26. United Nations (2010) Children and armed conflict. A/64/742-S/2010/181. Accessed 21 May 2013
  27. United Nations (2012) A/66/782–S/2012/261. Accessed 21 May 2013
  28. US Department of State (2012) Burma: country report on Human Rights Practices-2012. Accessed 21 May 2013
  29. Wu F-Y (2006) Development and dilemma of the Chinese Buddhism organizations in Yangon, Myanmar (in Chinese). Tzu Chi University. Accessed 21 May 2013

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Center for Non-Traditional Security and Peaceful Development Studies College of Public AdministrationZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations