Advertisement

Schooling, National Development and Growth in Asia

  • Marilyn Kell
  • Peter Kell
Chapter
  • 519 Downloads
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 24)

Abstract

This chapter describes a selection of East Asian countries, discussing historic and contemporary aspects of schooling and education for each one. The selection of eight country studies is made to illustrate the diversity of responses by government and states in the East Asian region to issues in education, schooling, education policy, language and literacy. The country studies in the chapter explore the interrelationship between post independence Asian nations, their economic growth and political stability and the emergence of new national identities. The studies are developed to analyse the influence of colonisation and its influence on literacy and language, policy and equality of opportunity in nations in East Asia. The chapter argues that many nations, influenced by colonisation have experienced difficulty in developing universal provision of school and equality of opportunity that has implications for developing political, social and economic stability.

Keywords

Primary School Compulsory Education Private Tutoring Colonial Rule High Stake Testing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Adamson, B., & Li, S. T. (2005). Primary and secondary schooling. In M. Bray & R. Koo (Eds.), Education and society in Hong Kong and Macao (CERC studies in comparative education, Vol. 7, Part 2, pp. 35–59), Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. doi: 10.1007/1-4020-4449-6_3.
  2. Aiyer, S. (2006). From colonial segregation to postcolonial ‘integration’-Constructing ethnic difference through Singapore’s Little India and the Singapore ‘Indian’. Doctoral thesis. New Zealand: University of Canterbury. Retrieved from http://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/bitstream/10092/2782/1/thesis_fulltext.pdf
  3. Ayers, D. (2000). Anatomy of a crisis: Education, development, and the state in Cambodia 1953–1998. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai’i Press..Google Scholar
  4. Bernard. (2005). Cited in UNESCO. (2005). Education for all: Literacy for life, EFA global monitoring report (p 91). Paris, France: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  5. Bray, M. (1998). Financing education in developing Asia: Themes, tension and policies. International Journal of Educational Research, 29, 627–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bray, M., & Koo Ding Yee, R. (2005). Introduction. In M. Bray & R. Koo Ding Yee (Eds.), Education and society in Hong Kong and Macao: Comparative perspectives on continuity and change (CERC studies in comparative education, Vol. 7, 2nd ed., pp. 3–12). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. http://www.springerlink.com/content/978-1-4020-3405-3/. doi: 10.1007/1-4020-4449-6
  7. Bray, M., & Lee, W. O. (1997). Education and political transitions in Asia: Diversity and commonality. In W. O. Lee & M. Bray (Eds.), Education and political transition: Perspectives and dimensions in East Asia (pp. 3–16). Hong Kong, China: Comparative Education Research Centre, University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  8. Christano, R. O., & Cummings, W. K. (2007). Schooling in Indonesia. In G. A. Postigilone & J. Tan (Eds.), Going to school in East Asia (pp. 123–141). Westwood, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  9. Dy, S. S. (2004). Strategies and policies for basic education in Cambodia; Historic perspectives. International Education Journal, 5(1), 90–97.Google Scholar
  10. Evans, G. (1998). The politics of ritual and remembrance: Laos since 1975. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
  11. Firman, H., & Tola, B. (2008). The future of schooling in Indonesia. Journal of International Cooperation in Education, 11(1), 71–84.Google Scholar
  12. Gopinathan, S. (2012). Fourth way in action? The evolution of Singapore’s education system. Educational Research Policy and Practice, 11, 65–70. doi: 10.1007/s10671-011-9117-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hadis, F. A. (2005, July 9). Toward inclusive, inclusive education in Indonesia: A country report. Paper presented at Seisa University, Ashibetsu-shi Hokkaido, Japan. www.gtid.net/…/6-Toward_InclusiveInclusive_Educa-Indonesia-Co.pdf. Accessed 8 Mar 2011.
  14. Ho, W. K., & Gopinathan, S. (1999). Recent developments in education in Singapore. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 10(1), 99–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim, G.-J. (2002). Education policies and reform in South Korea. In Secondary education in Africa: Strategies for renewal: World Bank presentations at the December 2001 UNESCO/BREDA-World Bank regional workshop in Mauritius on the renewal of African secondary education (Africa region human development working paper series). Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  16. Kim, S., & Lee, J.-H. (2004). Private tutoring and demand for education in South Korea. Retrieved from http://www.rrojasdatabank.info/devstate/southkorea1.pdf
  17. Koji Agawa. (2008). English language and its education in Cambodia, a country in transition. Retrieved from http://www.shitennoji.ac.jp/ibu/images/toshokan/kiyo46-20.pdf
  18. Law, W. W. (1997). The regulation of pedagogic discourse: Relationships between the state and intellectuals after the cultural revolution in China. In W. O. Lee & M. Bray (Eds.), Education and political transition: Perspectives and dimensions in East Asia (pp. 50–67). Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  19. Lo Yui Chun, J. (2010). Curriculum reform. In M. Bray & R. Koo (Eds.), Education and society in Hong Kong and Macao: Comparative perspectives on continuity and change (2nd ed., pp. 161–174). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. McGaw, B. (2006). An international view of Hong Kong’s education reform. Hong Kong Education Commission reporting Session on Reform – 2006. Retrieved from http://www.e-c.edu.hk/eng/reform/Prof%20Barry%20McGaw%20Speech.pdf
  21. Morrison, K. (2009). School inspection in small states and territories: An overview and case study of Macau. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 39(6), 751–767. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03057920802582846.
  22. NLS (National Library of Singapore). (2008). Singapore education system and policy: A select bibliography. Lee Kong Chian Reference Library. Singapore: Author. Retrieved from http://www.nlb.gov.sg
  23. Park, H. (2002). Educational expansion and inequality of opportunity for higher education in South Korea. Retrieved from http://www.une.edu.au/chemp/projects/monitor/resources/he_south_korea_park.pdf
  24. Republic of the Philippines Department of Education. (2011). Historical perspective of the Philippines Educational System. http://www.deped.gov.ph/about_deped/history.asp. Accessed 21 Feb 2011.
  25. Sanderson, G. (2002). International education developments in Singapore. International Education Journal, 3(2), 85–103. Retrieved from http://iej.cjb.net
  26. Shan Wen Jing, P., & Ieong Sao Leng, S. (2008). Post-colonial reflections on education development in Macau. Comparative Education Bulletin Special Issue: Education and Development in Post-Colonial Societies, 11, 37–68.Google Scholar
  27. Singgih Tri Sulistiyono. (2007, July 26). Higher education reform in Indonesia at crossroad. Paper presented at the Graduate School of Education and Human Development. Nagoya, Japan: Nagoya University. Retrieved from www.luk.staff.ugm.ac.id/atur/bhp/HEReform-Singgih.doc
  28. Suwanpitak, S. (2008). Thailand’s path to literacy. International Review of Education, 54, 763–771. doi: 10.1007/s11159-008-9106-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tilak, J. B. G. (2002). Building human capital in East Asia: What others can learn. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.Google Scholar
  30. Torralba, A., Dumol, P., & Manzon, M. (2007). Schooling in the Philippines. In G. A. Postiglione & J. Tan (Eds.), Going to school in East Asia (pp. 275–300). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  31. Tse, K. C. (2001). Society and citizenship education in transition: The case of Macau. International Journal of Educational Development, 21, 305–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. UNESCO. (2009). Regional overview: East Asia and the Pacific, education for all global monitoring report. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  33. Warunsiri, S., & McNown, R. (2010). The returns to education in Thailand: A pseudo-panel approach. World Development, 38(11), 1616–1625. http://riped.utcc.ac.th/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/returns_educ_sasiwimon.pdf
  34. World Pulse. (2009, November 3). Girls’ education in Cambodia. http://www.worldpulse.com/node/14678. Accessed 11 Apr 2012.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilyn Kell
    • 1
  • Peter Kell
    • 2
  1. 1.Charles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia
  2. 2.School of EducationCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia

Personalised recommendations