Advertisement

Three Creative Mental Operations

  • Alessandro AntoniettiEmail author
  • Barbara Colombo
Chapter

Abstract

A WCR (widening, connecting, and reversing) model of creative thinking is presented. According to the WCR model, creative outcomes can result by three main categories of operations: (1) widening the current mental framework, (2) connecting elements within a mental framework in unusual ways or connecting two different mental frameworks together, and (3) reversing the mental framework or the relationships between its elements. This chapter aims at showing that most psychological theories about creativity can be fitted in this model. Some examples of creative artifacts and solutions resulting from the implementation of widening, connecting, and reversing the mental framework are reported.

Keywords

Creative Process Creative Thinking Creative Product Actual Message Creative People 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Antonietti, A., Colombo, B., & Pizzingrilli, P. (2011). The WCR model of creativity. From concept to application. Open Education Journal, 4, 80–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antonietti, A., & Cornoldi, C. (2006). Creativity in Italy. In J. Kaufman & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), International handbook of creativity (pp. 124–166). New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Campbell, D. T. (1960). Blind variation and selective retention in creative thought as in other knowledge processes. Psychological Review, 67, 380–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. De Bono, E. (1967). The use of lateral thinking. London: Cape.Google Scholar
  5. Finke, R. A. (1990). Creative imagery: Discoveries and inventions in visualisation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  6. Finke, R. A., Ward, T. B., & Smith, S. M. (1992). Creative cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Gruber, H. E. (1974). Darwin on man: A psychological study of scientific creativity. New York: Dutton.Google Scholar
  8. Guilford, J. P. (1950). Creativity. American Psychologist, 5, 444–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1998). The computer and the mind. London: Collins.Google Scholar
  10. Koestler, A. (1964). The act of creation. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  11. Mednick, S. A. (1962). The associative basis of creativity. Psychological Review, 69, 220–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mosconi, G. (1990). Discorso e pensiero. Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  13. Mosconi, G., & D’Urso, V. (1974). Il farsi e il disfarsi del problema. Florence, Italy: Giunti.Google Scholar
  14. Perkins, D. N. (1988). The possibility of invention. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The nature of creativity (pp. 362–385). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Rothenberg, A. (1979). The emerging goddess: The creative process in art, science and other fields. Chicago: University Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  16. Schank, R. C. (1988). The creative attitude: Learning to ask and answer the right questions. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  17. Simonton, D. K. (1999). Origins of genius. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Sternberg, R. J. (2001). Creativity for the new millennium. American Psychologist, 56, 332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vygotsky, L. S. (1932). Voobrazenie i tvorcestvo v detskom vozraste. Moscow: Academy of Pedagogical Sciences.Google Scholar
  20. Ward, T. B., Finke, R. A., & Smith, S. M. (1995). Creativity and the mind. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  21. Weisberg, R. W. (1993). Creativity. Beyond the myth of genius. New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  22. Wertheimer, M. (1959). Productive thinking. New York: Harper.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCatholic University of the Sacred HeartMilanItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of PsychologyCatholic University of the Sacred HeartMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations