‘Education Is Filling a Bucket and Lighting a Fire’: The Shanghai Teacher

  • Charlene Tan
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 21)


Shanghai teachers judiciously combine student-centred and teacher-dominated approaches to support curriculum reform initiatives within an exam-centric environment.


Exam Score Chinese Characteristic Cultural Script Lesson Observation Subsequent Chapter 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charlene Tan
    • 1
  1. 1.Policy and Leadership Studies National Institute of EducationNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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