Practical Challenges of Chinese ‘Package’ Model of Development Cooperation: A Public Policy Implementation Approach

  • Lu JiangEmail author
Part of the Governing China in the 21st Century book series (GC21)


This chapter provides a synthesized explanation as to the problems appearing in the process of Chinese agro-development cooperation with Africa, particularly in terms of the ‘innovative agro-aid model’ and ‘agribusiness model’. Adopting a public policy implementation (PPI) approach, it develops the explanation at three levels—respectively policy, implementer and environment. While the three sets of factors all play an indispensible role, the ‘implementer’ element is taken as the most prominent in explaining the policy results (esp. the ‘implementation gaps’) as observed in the case of China-Africa agro-development cooperation—and this is mostly due to the proactive role that the implementers could exert to remedy imperfect policies and counter unfavourable environments in this particular PPI situation.


Public policy implementation (PPI) Implementation gaps Policy Implementer Environment 


  1. Jiang, Lu. 2016. ‘Beyond ODA: Chinese Way of Development Cooperation with Africa. The Case of Agriculture’. PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai University of International Business and EconomicsShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Fudan Development InstituteShanghaiChina

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