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Side Wind Effect on the Flow Behavior of the Window Plume

  • Junmei Li
  • Yuhang Zhao
  • W. K. ChowEmail author
  • T. K. Yue
Conference paper

Abstract

Wind action on the flow behavior of the window plume along the exterior wall of a building was studied by analytical and numerical methods. Heat release rate of fire and outside wind speed were varied in the study. It was found that the window plume would flow downward under side wind. Fire might spread to the room above the window when the wind speed was low. With the wind speed increasing, the plume would be blown to downward direction, giving hazardous conditions to rooms at downstream of the wind. The tilted angle of the window plume was derived by theoretical analysis.

Keywords

Side wind Window plume Fire 

Nomenclature

.

b

Width of the window flame (m)

v

Speed (m/s)

C

Coefficient

F

Force (N)

L

Flame length (m)

T

Temperature (K)

W

Length of the window plume (m)

Greek Symbols

θ

Angle (°)

ρ

Density (kg/m3)

Subscripts

a

Ambient

g

Gas

w

Wind

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper was supported by Beijing Natural Science Foundation—Beijing Academy of Science and Technology Joint Funded Project (Grant No. L140002).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junmei Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuhang Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. K. Chow
    • 3
    Email author
  • T. K. Yue
    • 3
  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Built Environment and Energy Efficient TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Building Services EngineeringResearch Centre for Fire Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

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