Shape and Oscillation of Ethylene and Propane Laminar Diffusion Flames in Micro- and Normal Gravities

  • Luyao Zhao
  • Dan Zhang
  • Jingwu Wang
  • Jun FangEmail author
  • Kaiyuan Li
  • Jinfu Guan
  • Jinjun Wang
  • Yongming Zhang
Conference paper


In this study, a set of experiments were carried out in micro- and normal gravities to study the flame shape and oscillation of co-flow laminar diffusion ethylene and propane flames. The experimental results show that in microgravity, the flame length and width are larger than those under normal gravity, and the ratio of flame length to width is lower than that in normal gravity. The flame length and width decrease seriously with the increasing co-flow air velocity in microgravity, while they are almost unaffected by the co-flow air velocity in normal gravity. The flame oscillation is not experimentally noticeable in microgravity. In normal gravity, it is found that the flame oscillation frequency increases linearly with the volume flow rate of co-flow air. The flame oscillation is fully suppressed when the air co-flow velocity exceeds the critical velocity. And, the critical air co-flow velocity increases with the initial fuel flow velocity.


Microgravity Shape Oscillation Diffusion flame 



This work was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51576186, 51636008) and Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. QYZDB-SSW-JSC029).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luyao Zhao
    • 1
  • Dan Zhang
    • 2
  • Jingwu Wang
    • 1
  • Jun Fang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kaiyuan Li
    • 3
  • Jinfu Guan
    • 4
  • Jinjun Wang
    • 1
  • Yongming Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Fire ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.School of Building Environment EngineeringZhengzhou University of Light IndustryZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Structural EngineeringAalto UniversityEspooFinland
  4. 4.Hefei Institute for Public Safety ResearchTsinghua UniversityHefeiChina

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