Advertisement

Internationalisation of Higher Education: Conceptualization, Typology and Issues

  • Yin Cheong ChengEmail author
  • Alan Chi Keung Cheung
  • Shun Wing Ng
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 28)

Abstract

Given the strong worldwide trend of internationalisation of higher education, what implications can be drawn from the ongoing progress for research development, policy improvement and practical innovation in higher education? Based on international literature, this chapter will review and discuss the complicated nature of higher education internationalisation and propose a conceptualization matrix to capture its major characteristics. A typology of higher education development will also be proposed to illustrate how internationalisation is related to the future directions and scenarios of higher education development in Hong Kong and beyond. It is hoped that both the development typology and conceptualization matrix can help policy makers, educators, researchers, social leaders and change agents to understand the related issues of internationalisation of higher education in a wider context. Taking Hong Kong as a case in the fast-developing Asia-Pacific region, this chapter will also introduce the key features of the book composed of three parts with ten chapters which provide comprehensive studies with quantitative and qualitative empirical evidence and diverse perspectives to analyse and review the key issues and challenges in different aspects of the internationalisation of higher education. It aims to draw implications and recommendations for future developments in both Hong Kong and international communities.

Keywords

Internationalisation of education Education hub Education industry Higher education Internationaleducation Human resources management Hong Kong 

References

  1. Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behaviour. Organization Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altbach, P., & Knight, J. (2007). The internationalization of higher education: Motivation and realities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3/4), 290–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bista, K., & Foster, C. (2014). Internationalizing curriculum and pedagogy in higher education. Multicultural Perspectives, 16(3), 185–189.Google Scholar
  4. Cheng, Y. C. (2004). New thinking and strategic platform for higher education development in Hong Kong. In K. H. Kwok & S. L. Chan (Eds.), Hong Kong education in the past seventy years (pp. 187–200). Hong Kong: Hong Kong Teachers’ Association.Google Scholar
  5. Cheng, Y. C. (2015). Globalization and Hong Kong educational reforms. In J. Zajda (Ed.), Second international handbook on globalization, education and policy research (pp. 219–242). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar
  6. Cheng, Y. C., Cheung, A., & Yuen, W. W. (2011). Development of a regional education hub: The case of Hong Kong. International Journal of Educational Management, 25(5), 474–493.Google Scholar
  7. Cheng, Y. C., Ng, S. W., Cheung, A., Choi, P. L., Tang, Y. F., Yuen, Y. M., et al. (2009). A technical research report on the development of Hong Kong as a regional education hub (pp. 1–125). Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Institute of Education.Google Scholar
  8. Clifford, V., & Montgomery, C. (2014). Transformative learning through internationalization of the curriculum in higher education. Journal of Transformative Education. doi: 10.1177/1541344614560909.Google Scholar
  9. Ennew, C. T., & Greenaway, D. (2012). Introduction and overview. In C. T. Ennew & D. Greenaway (Eds.), The globalization of higher education (pp. 1–19). London: Palgrave Macmillan, Paddyfield.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Healey, N., & Michael, L. (2014, July 15). Towards a new framework for analysing transnational education. Higher Education Policy, 1–23. Advance online publication. http://www.palgrave-journals.com/hep/journal/vaop/ncurrent/pdf/hep201417a.pdf
  11. Institute of International Education. (2008). IIE study abroad white paper series. New York: Institute of International Education.Google Scholar
  12. Institute of International Education. (2014). Open doors: International students. New York: Institute of International Education.Google Scholar
  13. Jones, E. (2013). 11. The global reach of universities: leading and engaging academic and support staff in the internationalization of higher education. Leadership and Cooperation in Academia: Reflecting on the Roles and Responsibilities of University Faculty and Management, 161.Google Scholar
  14. Knight, J. (2008). Higher education in turmoil: The changing world of internationalisation. Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense.Google Scholar
  15. Knight, J. (2011). Five myths about internationalization. International Higher Education, 62(Winter), 14–15.Google Scholar
  16. Knight, J. (2014a). Is internationalisation of higher education having an identity crisis? In The forefront of international higher education (pp. 75–87). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Knight, J. (2014b). International education hubs: Collaboration for competitiveness and sustainability. New Directions for Higher Education, 168(83–96).Google Scholar
  18. Knight, J. (Ed.). (2014c). International education hubs: Student, talent, knowledge-innovation models (pp. 1–251). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lane, J. E. (2015). Higher education internationalization: Why governments care. In New perspectives on internationalization and competitiveness (pp. 17–30). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
  20. Li, X., & Roberts, J. (2012). A stages approach to the internationalization of higher education? The entry of UK universities into China. The Service Industries Journal, 32(7), 1011–1038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lo, W. Y. W., & Ng, F. S. K. (2013). A critical reflection on internationalization of higher education in Hong Kong: The search for a cosmopolitan alternative. Asia Pacific Journal of Educational Development (APJED), 2(1), 37–46.Google Scholar
  22. Mazzarol, T., Soutar, G. N., & Seng, M. S. Y. (2003). The third wave: Future trends in international education. The International Journal of Educational Management, 17(2/3), 90–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mohsin, A., & Zaman, K. (2014). Internationalization of Universities: Emerging trends, challenges and opportunities. Journal of Economic Info, 3(1).Google Scholar
  24. Mok, K. H., & Ong, K. C. (2014). Transforming from “economic power” to “soft power”: Transnationalization and internationalization of higher education in China. In Survival of the fittest (pp. 133–155). Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. OECD. (2014). Education at a glance: OECD indicators. Paris: OECD. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-e
  26. Quezada, R. L. (Ed.). (2014). Internationalization of teacher education: Creating globally competent teachers and teacher educators for the 21st century. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Rhodes, G., Loberg, L., & Hubbard, A. (2014). Historical, philosophical, and practical issues in providing global learning opportunities through study abroad. New Directions for Student Services, 2014(146), 5–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tadaki, M., & Tremewan, C. (2013). Reimagining internationalization in higher education: International consortia as a transformative space? Studies in Higher Education, 38(3), 367–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tsang, Y. T. (2009). The 2009–10 policy address: Breaking new ground together. Hong Kong: Government Printer.Google Scholar
  30. Tung, C. W. (1997). The 1997–98 policy address: Building Hong Kong for a new era. Hong Kong: Government Printer.Google Scholar
  31. Tung, C. W. (2004). The 2004–05 policy address: Seizing opportunities for development, promoting people-based governance. Hong Kong: Government Printer.Google Scholar
  32. UNESCO, Institute of Statistics. (2014). Higher education in Asia: Expanding out, expanding up. http://www.uis.unesco.org/Library/Documents/higher-education-asia-graduate-university-research-2014-en.pdf
  33. University Grants Committee. (1996). Higher education in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Government Printer.Google Scholar
  34. University Grants Committee. (2004, January). Hong Kong higher education: To make a difference, To move with the times. Hong Kong: Government Printer.Google Scholar
  35. University Grants Committee. (2007, April). Roles and functions. http://www.ugc.edu.hk/eng/ugc/about/overview/roles.htm
  36. Wit, D. (2011). Internationalization of higher education: Nine misconceptions. International Higher Education, 64, 6–7.Google Scholar
  37. Yee, C. P. (2014). Internationalization of higher education: A literature review on competency approach. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 4(2), 258–273.Google Scholar
  38. Yeravdekar, V. R., & Tiwari, G. (2014). Internationalization of higher education and its impact on enhancing corporate competitiveness and comparative skill formation. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 157, 203–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yin Cheong Cheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alan Chi Keung Cheung
    • 2
  • Shun Wing Ng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Education Policy and LeadershipThe Hong Kong Institute of EducationTai PoHong Kong SAR
  2. 2.Department of Educational Administration and PolicyThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatinHong Kong SAR

Personalised recommendations