Non-“dialectical” Levels (or Dialectical Scale) of Ocean Governance

  • Peter Kien-hong YUEmail author


This chapter attempts to remind readers that there are many non-“dialectical” levels (or dialectical scale as shown in the crab and frog motion model) to understand ocean governance, to be preceded by a brief discussion of ontology and epistemology.

Various models were presented, so as to inspire and enable readers to apply them, if and when necessary.


Ontology Epistemology Dimensions of ocean governance Non-“dialectical” levels of ocean governance Dialectical scale of ocean governance 


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  3. Wendt, A. (1999). Social theory of international politics (p. 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Quemoy UniversityJinmen CountyChina

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