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Japan’s ODA Scholarship Programs for International Students: Supporting Japan’s Intellectual Contribution to the International Community

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Japan’s International Cooperation in Education

Abstract

This chapter discusses Japan’s ODA scholarship program for foreign students. The program is broadly divided into the Japanese Government Scholarship Program and the JICA Scholarship Program. Although the Japanese Government Scholarship Program was the main scholarship program between the 1950s and the 1980s, it diversified with the start of the JICA Scholarship Program in 1988. The program initially aimed to promote friendship with foreign countries, centering on Asian countries, against the backdrop of Japan’s postwar reconstruction and contributions to the international community. However, after the 1980s, the objective was changed to focus more on increasing the number of international students. From the 2000s, the program has been implemented in connection with policies to promote the internationalization of universities as well as making an intellectual contribution to the international community. With the decline in ODA disbursements since 2000, the program has been strategically carried out as an assistance policy to promote specific policy agendas, targeting particular areas and providing humanitarian assistance. This historical analysis reveals that the programs were initially intended to promote and assist human resource development in developing countries. This orientation gradually shifted to intellectual contributions, showcasing Japan’s increasing role in the international community. Currently, the programs function as a form of strategic assistance, reflecting Japan’s national interests to recruit highly competent human resources, as well as internationalization of the society.

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Sugimura, M., Kayashima, N. (2022). Japan’s ODA Scholarship Programs for International Students: Supporting Japan’s Intellectual Contribution to the International Community. In: Kayashima, N., Kuroda, K., Kitamura, Y. (eds) Japan’s International Cooperation in Education. Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects, vol 63. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-6815-9_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-6815-9_10

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