Evaluation of Temporal Resolution Around the Tinnitus Frequency in Adults with Tonal Tinnitus

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Objective: The perceptual characteristics of tinnitus are usually assessed by a matching procedure, where loudness and pitch of an external sound are matched to those of the tinnitus percept. For a complete assessment of tinnitus, central auditory processing abilities should be considered in addition to other routine evaluation. Temporal processing is one of the important auditory processing skills that is essential for complex higher level auditory processing. The gap detection test (GDT) and duration discrimination test are relatively simple psychoacoustic methods of measuring temporal resolution [1]. Hence, the present study is aimed at finding the duration discrimination threshold in tinnitus patients at the tinnitus frequency and half an octave above and below the frequency of tinnitus perception. Method: 15 participants with normal or minimal hearing loss with tinnitus in the age range of 18–40 years were enrolled in the present study. Duration discrimination test was administered on all the participants using MATLAB software (MLP toolbox) at the matched tinnitus frequency, half an octave below and above the frequency of tinnitus perception. Results: The results of the study revealed that there was a significant increase in duration discrimination thresholds at the tinnitus frequency compared to half an octave above and below the matched frequency. The result suggests that temporal resolution abilities are affected at the tinnitus frequency in individuals with tinnitus. Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that the temporal processing ability is affected in individuals with tinnitus especially at the frequency of tinnitus.


Tinnitus Temporal resolution Duration discrimination test 


  1. 1.
    Fournier P, Hébert S (2013) Gap detection deficits in humans with tinnitus as assessed with the acoustic startle paradigm: does tinnitus fill in the gap? Hear Res 295:16–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hoffman HJ, Reed GW (2004) Epidemiology of tinnitus BT—tinnitus: theory and management. In: Tinnitus: theory and management, vol 3, pp 16–41Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eggermont JJ, Roberts LE (2004) The neuroscience of tinnitus. Trends Neurosci 27(11): 676–682Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weisz N et al (2013) The functional neuroanatomy of tinnitus: evidence for limbic system links and neural plasticity. Ear Hear 27(6):1479–1484Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lockwood AH, Salvi RJ, Coad ML, Towsley ML, Wack DS, Murphy BW (1998) The functional neuroanatomy of tinnitus: evidence for limbic system links and neural plasticity. Neurology 50(1):114–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weisz N, Muller S, Schlee W, Dohrmann K, Hartmann T, Elbert T (2007) The neural code of auditory phantom perception. J Neurosci 27(6):1479–1484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dubno JR, Horwitz AR, Ahlstrom JB (2003) Recovery from prior stimulation: masking of speech by interrupted noise for younger and older adults with normal hearing. J Acoust Soc Am 113(4):2084–2094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Oxenham AJ, Bacon SP (2003) Cochlear compression: perceptual measures and implications for normal and impaired hearing. Ear Hear 24(5):352–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Peters RW, Moore BCJ, Baer T (1998) Speech reception thresholds in noise with and without spectral and temporal dips for hearing-impaired and normally hearing people. J Acoust Soc Am 103(1):577–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gilani VM et al (2013) Temporal processing evaluation in tinnitus patients: results on analysis of gap in noise and duration pattern test. Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 25(73):221–225Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Onishi ET, Fukuda Y, Suzuki FA (2004) Distortion product otoacoustic emissions in tinnitus patients. Int Tinnitus J 10:13–16Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bartels H, Staal MJ, Albers FWJ (2007) Tinnitus and neural plasticity of the brain. Otol Neurotol 28(2):178–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bartels H et al (2008) The additive effect of co-occurring anxiety and depression on health status, quality of life and coping strategies in help-seeking tinnitus sufferers. Ear Hear 29(6):947–956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Musiek FE, Shinn JB, Jirsa R, Bamiou D-E, Baran JA, Zaida E (2005) GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed central auditory nervous system involvement. Ear Hear 26(6):608–618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sanches SGG, Sanchez TG, Carvallo RMM (2010) Influence of cochlear function on auditory temporal resolution in tinnitus patients. Audiol Neurotol 15(5):273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Haas M, Smurzynski R, Fagelson J (2012) The effect of tinnitus on gap detection. Am Tinnitus Assoc 10–11Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.All India Institute of Speech and HearingMysoreIndia

Personalised recommendations