Advertisement

Private Contracts as Laws and Decrees: Validity and Responsibilities of Contract

  • Yunsheng LiuEmail author
Chapter
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

English functional anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski, based on his observation on “savage culture”, defines law as binding obligations which endow one party with certain rights and the other duties, and is maintained by a specific mechanism of reciprocity and publicity inherent in the structure of their society.

References

  1. 1.
    Malinowski, B.K. 1926. Crime and Custom in Savage Society, 25. London: Reutledge.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hobel, E. Edamson. 1993. The Law of Primitive Man. Translated by Zhou Yong. China Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liang, Zhiping. 1992. Fa Bian, 57–58. Guizhou People’s Publishing Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang, Naigen. 1996. The essence of western law. Journal of Comparative Law (1).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yin, Tian. 1995. Droit Contemporain des Contrats en France, 241. Law Press China.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    George, H. Sabine. 1986. A History of Political Theory, 487–488. Translated by Liu Shan et al. The Commercial Press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thomas, Hobbes. 1985. Leviathan, 99, 103, 104, 108–109. Translated by Li Sifu and Li Yanbi. The Commercial Press.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kong, Qingming, Liuyuan Hu, et al. 1996. The History of Chinese Civil Law, 281. Jilin Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gao, Qicai. 1995. Chinese Customary Law, 404, 422. Hunan (Education) Publishing House.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yintian. 1995. Droit Contemporain des Contrats en France, 241. Law Press China.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Laura, A. Skosey. 1994. Recent American academic writings on traditional Chinese law. In American Scholars’ Comments on Chinese Legal Traditions, ed. Gao Daoyun (Karen Turner), Gao Hongjun and He Weifang, 98–99. China University of Political Science and Law Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang, Erguo. 1995. The alliance issues in Pre-Qin Period. History Quarterly (1).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen, Mengjia. 1966. Oaths of alliance and unearthed books of Eastern Zhou dynasty. Archaeology (5).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dobson, W.A.C.H. 1968. Some legal instruments of ancient China: The Ming and the Meng” In Studies in the Chinese Humanities CM, ed. Chow Tse-tsung, 269–282. Iwaukee: University of Winsconsin.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li, Li. 1995. Changes in the covenants of Eastern Zhou Dynasty and those in the legal system of spring and autumn and warring states period. Chinese Journal of Law (4).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang, Chuanxi. 1995. A Study of the Problems in Qin and Han Dynasties. Peking University Press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Xu, Zichu. 1998. Rules and Regulations of the Clan Xu in Yuyao County, Jiangnan Region. Shanghai: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Joseph, Needham. 1956. Science and Civilization in China, vol. 2, 544. Cambridge University Press,.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Qu, Tongzu. 1981. Chinese Law and Chinese Society, 326. Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cheng, Chalin. 1986. The economical documents on public inspection and past case records in Tang Dynasty. The Journal of Chinese Social and Economic History (2).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wen-en Tsao. 1962. Equity in Chinese customary law. In Essays in Jurisprudence in Honor of Roscoe Pound, 21–43. Indianapolis/New York: Bobbsmerrill.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang, Huizu. 1991. Records of Ruling. The Collection of Economic Articles in Qing Dynasty, vol 22. Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sybile, Van Der Sprenkel. 1962. Legal Institutions in Manchu China: A sociological Analysis, 102. University of London, Athlone Press.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hiroaki, Terada. 1998. The nature of “agreement” in law orders in Ming and Qing Dynasties. In The Civil Trails and Civil Contracts in Ming and Qing Dynasties, ed Wang Yaxin, and Liang Zhiping, 141–157. Law Press China.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zheng, Yubo. 1981. On the validity of obligations and general guarantee. China Law Journal (14).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang, Lihong. 1996. The contractual responsibilities of roman law and its development in modern China. In Civil and Commercial Law Review, vol. 5. Law Press China.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Huo, Jianyuan. 1992. Research on Contractual Responsibilities. Jilin University Press.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zheng, Yubo. 1984. Analysis on civil responsibilities. In Essays on Civil Law and Civil Obligations, 60. Taiwan Wu-Nan Book Inc.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Liu, Jingwei. 1988. On mandatory specific performance and money compensation. In Essays on Civil Law, 411. Qunzhong Publishing House.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cui, Jianyuan. 1992. Research on Contractual Obligations, 55–56. Jilin University Press.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Li, Rongsheng.1983. Introduction of Economic Contract Law, 168. Heilongjiang People’s Publishing House.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wei, Qingyuan. 1995. New Analysis of Ming and Qing History The Social Functions of the Pawn Business in Qing Dynasty, 450. China Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zhang, Zexian. 1995. Industrial and Commercial Businesses in Tang Dynasty, 338. China Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wang, Zhongrong. 1975. Attempting explanations of the tang documents on property unearthed in Turpan. Cultural Relics (7).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Fu, Yiling. 1941. Investigation on the tenancy traditions in Fujian in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Fujian Cultural Journal 1 (1).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yang, Guozhen. 1992. Selected works of land documents in Qing Dynasty. The Journal of Chinese Social and Economic History (1).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Niida, Noboru. History of Chinese Legal System Land Law. Zhang, Chuanxi. Studies on Qin and Han Problems.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhang, Jinfan. 1998. An Overview of Civil Law in Qing Dynasty, 142. China University of Political Science and Law Press.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gao, Qicai. 1995. On Chinese Customary Law, 331–333. Hunan Publishing House.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Shuzo, Shiga. 1984. The Judgments of Four Laws in Qing Dynasty of China. Sobunsha Press.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Huo, Cunfu. 1995. On the sale and purchase procedures of real estate property. Chinese Journal of Law (6).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ye, Xianen. 1985. Studies on the Economic Structure of Chinese Feudal Society, 154–155. China Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Fu, Yiling. 1956. Merchants and Commercial Capitals in Ming and Qing Dynasties, 35, 80. People’s Publishing House.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wang, Mingming. 1997. The Culture and Power in the View of the Village, 10. SDX Joint Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Su, Li. 1996. Rule of Law and Its Local Resources, 8–9. China University of Political Science and Law Press.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Murdoch, G.P. 1949. Social Structure, 83. New York.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Xu, Yangjie. 1995. Historical Comments on the Family Systems in Song and Ming Dynasties, 12. Zhonghua Book Company.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ding, Mei. 1998. Contract Liabilities in Rome Law, 42–43. China University of Political Science and Law Press.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Giuseppe, Grosso. 1994. Storia Del Diritto Romano (The History of Roman Law), 123. Translated by Huang Feng. China University of Political Science and Law Press.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Pietro, Bonfante. 1992. Istituzioni Di Diritto Romano, 353. Translated by Huang Feng. China University of Political science and Law Press.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Zhou, Nan. 1994. Theory of Roman Law, 933–934. The Commercial Press.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Kong, Qingming, & Liuyuan, Hu. 1996. History of Chinese Civil Law, 25. Jilin People’s Publishing House, p.25.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Fan, Shuzhi. 1997. The market mechanism of the towns in Jiangnan Region. Researches in Chinese Economic History (2).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Li, Zhimin. 1988. Civil Law in Ancient China, 104. Law Press China.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Zhang, Mingfu. 1997. Discussion on the Reasons of the emergence of Townsmen Associations in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Journal of Northeast Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) (1).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Zhang, Yan. 1997. On the Communities in Qing Dynasty. The Qing History Journal (2).Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Cao, Guoqing. 1997. Characteristics of conventions in Ming Dynasty. Chinese Culture Research (1).Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Yu, Xinzhong. 1997. Social relief of squires in the middle of Qing Dynasty. Journal of Nankai University (Philosophy, and Social Science Edition)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Law Press China 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law School, Research Centre of Real EstateGuangzhou UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations