• Suratha Kumar MalikEmail author


In the conclusion, it can be said that despite several laws and legislations to protect tribal land, tribal land alienation still continues in different states of India, in general, and in case of Koraput district (Odisha), in particular. Tribals have raised their voice and have organised movements to claim their rights over land, water and forest resources as far as their life, livelihood, freedom and identity are concerned. But, the post-independence state has followed the colonial legacies and is trying to suppress tribal voice through every possible measures by suppressing their movement and declaring the tribals as Maoists in the name of peace, development and democracy as found in case of Narayanpatna movement. Without solving the real problem of the tribals, the state is waging war against its own people. Therefore, after 70 years of India’s independence, tribals remained underdeveloped and impoverished with lack of freedom, rights and dignity.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceVidyasagar UniversityMidnaporeIndia

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