Advertisement

Iran and Russia: Between Pragmatism and Possibilities of a Strategic Alliance

  • Nikolay KozhanovEmail author
Chapter
  • 29 Downloads
Part of the Contemporary Gulf Studies book series (CGS)

Abstract

After 2012, Russia and Iran have been actively trying to bring their bilateral relations to a new level. Yet, in spite of all efforts, it is difficult to see the dialogue between the two countries transforming into a full-fledged alliance. Although the drivers that brought Moscow and Tehran together were strong, the destiny of Russian–Iranian ‘marriage of convenience’ depends on a number of factors. Thus, the serious challenge for the continuation of interaction between Moscow and Tehran will be posed by questions related to the future of post-conflict Syria. Apart from the issue of Assad’s replacement, Russia and Iran may not come to terms about the Kurdish rights in new Syria or the country’s form of governance. Another challenge for the Russian–Iranian dialogue is related to the Russian diplomatic strategy in the Middle East which is based on the principle of balancing between the key regional players. Too close relations with Tehran might negatively affect the dynamics of Russian–Israeli or Russian–Saudi dialogues. Moreover, in many cases, Russia and Iran were forced to cooperate with each other; otherwise, they would have preferred different partners. Consequently, it is possible to conclude that by 2017 Russian–Iranian dialogue has already reached its maximum potential.

Keywords

Russia Strategic alliance Putin SCO summit Pragmatism 

Bibliography

  1. 1Prime. “Raschety v Yevro za Iranskuyu Neft ne Okazhut Vliyaniya na Neftyanoy i Valutniy Rynki.” May 16, 2018. https://1prime.ru/Financial_market/20180516/828830635.html.
  2. Andreev, Aleksandr. “Rossya Prizvala ne Ignorirovat Interesy Partnerov Irana v Situatcii s Sanktciyami.” Parlamentskaya Gazeta, May 10, 2018. https://www.pnp.ru/politics/rossiya-prizvala-ne-ignorirovat-interesy-partnyorov-irana-v-situacii-s-sankciyami.html.
  3. Clawson, Patrick. “Iran beyond Oil?” The Policy Watch, no. 2062, (2013). http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/iran-beyond-oil.
  4. Davydov, Denis. “Vozobnovleniye Sanktciy SShA, kak i Ozhidalos, Sblizilo Iran i Rossiyu.” Tekhnoblog, May 16, 2018. https://teknoblog.ru/2018/05/16/89381.
  5. Dunayeva, Elena. “Voyennaya Operatciya Rossii v Sirii: Vzglyad iz Tegerana.” Institute of the Middle East, October 14, 2015. http://www.iimes.ru/?p=26236.
  6. Kalmatckiy, Mikhail. “Nerynochniye Obstoyatelstva.” Federal Press, May 25, 2018. http://fedpress.ru/article/2052377.
  7. Kozhanov, Nikolay. “The US Economic Sanctions against Iran: Undermined by External Factors.” The Middle East Policy, Vol. XVIII, No. 3, (Fall 2011).Google Scholar
  8. Latukhina, Kira. “Vladimir Putin Obsudil s Iranskim Politikom Borbu s Terrorizmom.” Rossiyskaya Gazeta, October 22, 2015. http://www.rg.ru/2015/10/22/larijani-site-anons.html.
  9. Putin, Vladimir. “Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly.” Speech, Moscow, December 4, 2014. http://eng.kremlin.ru/transcripts/23341.
  10. Stepushova, Lubov. “Noviy Gazoviy Kartel: Rossiya, Iran, Azerbayjan.” Pravda, August 9, 2016. https://www.pravda.ru/economics/materials/gas/09-08-2016/1309352-iran-0/.
  11. Stubbs, Jack and Polina Devitt. “Russia Stance on Assad Suggests Divergence with Iran.” Reuters, November 3, 2015. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-russia-idUSKCN0SS0TY20151103.
  12. Tetkin, Mikhail. “Iran i Rossiya Mogut Nachat Ispolzovat Kriptovaluty dlya Obkhoda Sanktciy.” RBC, May 17, 2018, https://www.rbc.ru/crypto/news/5afd4fb69a794757df44fa3a.
  13. Topalov, Aleksey. “Rossiya Zamakhnulas na Iranskiye Nedra.” Gazeta.Ru, March 14, 2017. https://www.gazeta.ru/business/2017/03/13/10574165.shtml.
  14. Trenin, Dmitri. “Russia and Iran: Historic Mistrust and Contemporary Partnership.” Carnegie Moscow Center, August 18, 2016. https://carnegie.ru/2016/08/18/russia-and-iran-historic-mistrust-and-contemporary-partnership-pub-64365.
  15. Vatanka, Alex. “Russia, Iran and the Syria Test.” The Middle East Institute, September 30, 2015, http://www.mei.edu/content/article/russia-iran-and-syria-test.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Qatar UniversityDohaQatar

Personalised recommendations