The Feasibility of Energy Cooperation between Iran and the Gulf Arab States

  • Anna Aleksandra Gawlik
Part of the Contemporary Gulf Studies book series (CGS)


The nuclear deal signed on 14 July 2015 should have become a breakthrough in the Iranian–Gulf Arab States energy cooperation. Yet, although the Western companies have been filing up to sign the energy deal to boost the sector and benefit from the cravings of Iranian industry, the region remains quite reluctant to any economic rapprochement. It would have been expected that the Arab Gulf States—as the closest potential partner (in liberal market circumstances)—would have been the first to advise their northern neighbour on technologies and partnerships’ inclinations, yet nothing much has happened so far. The political agenda remains the most important criterion in the region whose leaders’ behaviour is driven by realism impulses. Since the Gulf countries face economic challenges, the respective governments had to revise the expenditures and cut on the subsidies. The shared energy fields are also the subject for closer analysis. However, this has not brought the whole Gulf Cooperation Council, as an organisation, to work on a common long-term solution. These are the six capitals that, within the political framework, are obliged to reconsider the options for economic survival in this new geopolitical situation. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to study whether the opening of Iran—during the first term of Hassan Rouhani’s office—created a favourable environment for the energy cooperation between Arab Gulf States and Iran or the discord between the parties exists beyond the nuclear threat. If that proves to be the case, what are the major impediments that need to be resolved?


Nuclear energy Oil Natural gas Pipeline GCC 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Aleksandra Gawlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ResearcherCracowPoland

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