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Iran’s foreign policy behaviour is an area that has generated significant interest wherein their foreign policy decisions have often been associated with their Presidents’ ambitions. Although the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is central in the Iranian regime with considerable powers, the Iranian Presidents have crafted their own foreign policy strategies owing to Constitutional Reforms in 1989 that conferred greater roles to ‘Presidents’ in terms of foreign policies. President Rouhani’s election came at a time when the Middle East was going through a tumultuous phase following Arab Spring and its spill over across the region. This chapter discusses Iran’s strategic relations with countries in Middle East, Africa and Latin America which are relevant to Iranian foreign policy goals under the first term of President Hassan Rouhani as contributed by various authors in this edited volume and reveals distinct aspects of his Presidency compared to his predecessors.
KeywordsIranian foreign policy Hassan Rouhani Javad Zarif JCPOA Ali Khamenei
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