Microbiological Tools for Cultural Heritage Conservation

  • Amrita Kumari Panda
  • Rojita Mishra
  • Satpal Singh Bisht


Culture and cultural heritage are the imprints of human civilization and architectural depiction of society and cultures. Antique documents and cultural heritages such as historic buildings, monuments, manuscripts and paintings are brittle and undergo physical, chemical and biological deterioration during the course of time. Escalating air pollution and global warming are the main cause of deterioration of stone monuments and artworks. The deterioration process can be restored by employing various microbiological tools such as biocleaning, biomineralization, biocementation and biofilm formation. This chapter summarizes eco-friendly microbiological approaches used to restore cultural heritages, archaeological sites and wall paintings.


Cultural heritage Biocleaning Biomineralization Biocementation Deterioration 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amrita Kumari Panda
    • 1
  • Rojita Mishra
    • 2
  • Satpal Singh Bisht
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyGogate Jogalekar CollegeRatnagiriIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyPolasara Science CollegeGanjamIndia
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyKumaun UniversityNainitalIndia

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