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Microbial Community Present on the Reverse Side of a Deteriorated Canvas

  • Sushil Kumar
  • Priyanka
  • Upendra Kumar
Chapter
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

Cultural heritage makes the foundation of any nation. Culture includes melodies, music,  dance, theater, people conventions, performing expressions, ceremonies and customs, compositions, and artworks. Painting is a significant sort of art. Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color, or other medium to a solid surface. Paintings are made on different kinds of supports like paper, pastel, parchment, canvas, walls, and roofs of monuments. Paintings on canvas need canvas as support, a preparatory layer of vegetal or animal glues, a paint layer that includes the pigment and its binder (most commonly used is linseed oil), and finally a layer of varnish to protect the pigment layer. Different layers are composed of many organic and inorganic compounds. Biodeterioration is the alteration of organic and inorganic materials induced by the metabolic activity and growth of microorganisms. Paintings on canvas are prone to biodeterioration. Biodeteriogens secrete an array of aggressive metabolic products, viz., organic and inorganic acids, as well as hydrolytic enzymes that degrade the substratum. Fungi and bacteria are the major causes of biodeterioration of canvas paintings. Some of the cellulolytic fungal genera that degrade the canvas support are reported to involve one or more species: Aspergillus, Fusarium, Myrothecium, Memnoniella, Neurospora, Alternaria, Penicillium, Scopulariopsis, Stachybotrys, Chaetomium, and Stemphylium. On the other hand, bacteria include genera Bacillus and Staphylococcus. Genera like Staphylococcus, Acinetobacter, Agrococcus, Janibacter, Rhodococcus, and Stenotrophomonas are cultured and isolated on artificial media from the deteriorated canvas.

Keywords

Biodeterioration Biodeteriogens Canvas painting Artwork Cultural heritage 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sushil Kumar
    • 1
  • Priyanka
    • 2
  • Upendra Kumar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanyShaheed Mangal Pandey Govt Girls PG CollegeMeerutIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyGovernment Girls Degree College, KharkhaudaMeerutIndia
  3. 3.Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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