Urban Slum Upgrading Best Practices in Bangladesh
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People usually migrate from rural to urban areas (towns and cities) being compelled by factors like the growing number of landless households and lack of job opportunities. These people, who are already destitute, do not have a decent place to live in. Finding no other alternative, they begin to live in slums where they do not have access to various services including water supply, sanitation, waste collection or infrastructure that are being provided by municipalities. Thus, they are compelled to suffer from different kinds of disease, crime and natural disasters. In Bangladesh, different organizations including the government, NGOs, and donors have been implementing various initiatives for upgrading the living condition of the people in slums and reducing poverty. This chapter discusses a number of urban slum upgrading good practices in Bangladesh and their impact on the livelihood of slums.
KeywordsNongovernmental organizations Slum upgrading Dushtha Shasthya Kendra Urban water and sanitation Community-Led Total Sanitation Program Slum Improvement Project Integrated Food Security Program Supporting Household Activities for Hygiene Assets and Revenue Building Union Infrastructure for Local Government Flood Proofing Project Disaster Management Program Advancing Sustainable Environmental Health Population Services and Training Centre Local Partnerships for Urban Poverty Alleviation Secondary Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Slum Development by SHEVA Kingshuk Multi-purpose Cooperative Society Coalition for the Urban Poor CARE-Bangladesh LOSAUK Concern Bangladesh
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